Guignol


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Guignol

 

(1) A character of the French puppet theater, one of the hand puppets. The Guignol mask was created by L. Mourguet, who opened his own theater in Lyon in 1804 and staged his plays with Guignol as a character. The plays, whose main character was a cheerful, clever, and cynical Lyon craftsman, were full of satire on politics and daily life and were especially successful during the July Revolution of 1830. Guignol became as popular in France as were Petrushka in Russia, Hanswurst in Germany, and Punch in England.

REFERENCE

Ducret, E. Le Théâtre de Guignol. Paris, 1914.
(2) The name for plays, productions, and individual stage devices based on the depiction of crimes, villainy, beatings, and tortures. It comes from the Théâtre Grand Guignol, which opened in Paris in 1899. Guignol was brought to bourgeois audiences, who were looking for strong sensations, through the works of O. Méténier, M. Maurey, and A. de Lordé and adaptations of the works of E. Poe. Theaters like the Grand Guignol were opened in Italy and Germany in the 1920’s. The Grand Guignol repertoire included entertaining farces and “cruel” melodramas with an amoral and antihumanistic bent.
In Russia a Guignol-type play (The Suicide Club, in translation) was staged in 1908 by the director V. R. Gardin at a construction fair in St. Petersburg.

REFERENCES

Antona-Traversi, C. Histoire du Grand-Guignol. Paris, 1933.
Boiadzhiev, G. Teatral’nyi Parizh segodnia. [Moscow] 1960. Pages 15-20.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Idaho is between a 14-1 and 25-1 chance for Sunday's contest, for which German pair Guignol and Iquitos - drawn in stalls three and six - can be backed at 33-1 and 50-1.
A Grand Noir B Grand Horreur C Grand Guignol D Rouge-Noir 15.
In addition to Iquitos, the field of seven for the Grosser Preis von Baden also includes Group 1 Grosser Preis Von Bayern winner Guignol and Group 1 Deutsches Derby victor Windstoss.
Guignol in French denotes both "hand puppet" and, as a proper noun, the leading character in a tradition of children's puppet theater, but aside from the uniformity of repertoire there was nothing puppet-like about the Grand-Guignol.
Main features: this contract is for the supply of electricity for the three inter equipment CCOLA: -The gym located on the town of Brindas -The administrative offices of CCOLA located in the town of Vaugneray -The Guignol theater-museum located in the town of Brindas.
The course of true love is awfully sinister in "Malady," an intense, impressionistic portrait of two lonely English souls who find one another--though there's more desperation than joy in their union, and halfway through, the introduction of a parental figure drags this already discomfiting tale toward Grand Guignol territory.
05PM Sexually repressed nun Vanessa Redgrave suffers the Lust Temptation of a wanton Bride of Christ in Ken Russell's notorious carnival of lost souls - part depraved political pantomime, part camp Grand Guignol.
This guignol will give no soul the creeps; No corpse will die when someone throws the switch.
After having a vision of Mina at the Grand Guignol theatre, Vanessa, Sir Malcolm, Frankenstein, Ethan and Semebene explore the empty building.
If you've been reading Tablet, you are surely versed in the grand guignol that is the attempt by clusters of professors in a host of professional associations that have little or nothing to do with the Middle East to single out Israel as the world's singular source of evil.
Of course, what could be regarded as a familiar narrative of love, obsession, betrayal and death is elevated by Puccini's glorious music to the heights of Grand Guignol melodrama, and in this respect there is much to admire, though not completely.