Guimarães (gēməräNshˈ), city (1991 est. pop. 48,200), Braga dist., NW Portugal, in Minho. It has textile and cutlery manufactures, but its main importance is historical. The town was the seat of Duke Henry of Burgundy and of his son, Alfonso I, first king of Portugal. Alfonso VII of León besieged (1127) Guimarães and forced Alfonso of Portugal to swear fealty, but the Portuguese later established his independence. Guimarães was a favorite royal residence. It has several splendid churches, particularly the Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, and a notable old castle.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in northern Portugal, in the district of Braga, in the province of Minho. Population, 23,200 (1960). The city is a textile center for cotton and linen fibers; it also manufactures metal products and footwear. Guimarāes has tenth- and 15th-century castles and a 12th-century church; a Gothic monastery (13-14th centuries) and a church (1400); an early-16th-century town hall in the Manuelino style; and the baroque court of Vilar Flor and a baroque-style church, both dating from the 18th century.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.