Guimard, Hector

Guimard, Hector

(ĕktôr` gēmär`), 1867–1942, French architect and furniture designer. Influenced by Victor HortaHorta, Victor, Baron,
1861–1947, Belgian architect. The Tassel House in Brussels (1892–93), his first mature work, was the earliest monument of art nouveau. It was excelled only by his later works, such as the Baron von Eetvelde house (1895) and the demolished Maison
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, he became the first and foremost French architect of art nouveau. The most familiar landmarks created by Guimard (c.1900) are the entrance gates to the métro (subway) stations in Paris, made of metal cast into elegant, flowerlike forms. On the Rue La Fontaine, Paris, he built the Castel Béranger (1894–98) and an apartment house (1911). He went to New York City in 1938, where he remained until his death. Several examples of his decorative work can be found at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

Bibliography

See study by G. Vigne (2004).

Guimard, Hector

(1867–1942)
Designed the metro stations of Paris using an Art Nouveau motif, and other notable structures.