Guinea worm

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Guinea worm:

see wormworm,
common name for various unrelated invertebrate animals with soft, often long and slender bodies. Members of the phylum Platyhelminthes, or the flatworms, are the most primitive; they are generally small and flat-bodied and include the free-living planarians (of the class
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Guinea Worm

 

(Dracunculus medinensis), a parasitic roundworm of the family Dracunculidae. The guinea worm causes the human disease dracunculosis. The mature female reaches a length of 120 cm, and the mature male about 4 cm. The guinea worm is distributed in the tropics and subtropics. In the USSR it was widespread in Middle Asia (Staraia Bukhara) until the 1930’s; the worm has been completely eliminated.

guinea worm

[′gin·ē ‚wərm]
(invertebrate zoology)
Dracunculus medinensis. A parasitic nematode that infects the subcutaneous tissues of humans and other mammals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis, is acquired by drinking water containing copepods (water fleas) infected with its larvae.
(ii) The within-host time-scale, which is related to the replication and developmental stages of Guinea worm parasite within an individual human host and the individual copepod vector host.
This finding is especially noteworthy at this point because the Guinea worm eradication program has reduced the number of countries with endemic Guinea worm disease from 20 to 4 and the number of persons infected each year from >3 million in 1986 to <20.
medinensis is also known as the Medina worm, Guinea worm, serpent worm, dragon worm, pharaoh worm, and Avicenna worm.
When villagers drink unfiltered water from a pond, they also gulp down the worm-infected fleas, says Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, technical director of the Carter Center's Guinea Worm Eradication Program.
([section]) An indigenous case of dracunculiasis is defined as an infection consisting of a skin lesion or lesions with emergence of one or more Guinea worms in a person who had no history of travel outside their residential locality during the preceding year.
The global campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis (or Guinea worm disease [GWD]), which began at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1980 and has been led by the Carter Center since 1986, has assisted 17 of 21 affected countries to interrupt transmission.
Project Title : Access to Safe Water for Guinea Worm Endemic communities
Because some patients have multiple Guinea worms emerge, more laboratory-confirmed specimens than cases might be reported in any given period.
([dagger]) An indigenous case of dracunculiasis is defined as an infection occurring in a person exhibiting a skin lesion or lesions with emergence of one or more Guinea worms in a person who had no history of travel outside his or her residential locality during the preceding year.
Since 2012, more dogs than humans have had emerging Guinea worms in Chad.
([dagger]) An indigenous case is defined as infection occurring in a person exhibiting a skin lesion or lesions with emergence of one or more Guinea worms in a person who had no history of travel outside his or her residential locality during the preceding year.