Guido Guinizelli

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Guinizelli, Guido


Born between 1230 and 1240 in Bologna; died 1276 in Monselice. Italian poet. The father of dolce stil nuovo poetry.

In his doctrinaire canzone “Love Always Reigns in the Noble Heart,” Guinizelli glorified love as a feeling that ennobles the soul no less than the love of God. He maintained that nobility in man does not depend on his social origin. Such an exaltation of man makes Guinizelli a harbinger of the Renaissance and a direct forerunner of Dante, who called him his “father” in the art of love poetry. Guinizelli’s poetry also contains motifs of sensual passion (the sonnet “Lucia in the Colorful Cape”).


In T. Casini, Le rime del poeti bolognesi del secolo XIII. Bologna, 1881.


De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 1. Milan, 1963. (Translated from Italian.)
Russo, L. Storia della letteratura italiana, vol. 1. Florence [1957].


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101) oltre che a quanto espresso da Guinizzelli nei vv.
By associating the notion of nobility to love and its "gentle heart," poets like Guido Guinizzelli, Guido Cavalcanti, Dante and Cino da Pistoia investigated in the possibility that it could be applied to people whose aristocratic bona fides were debatable: political exiles, like Guido Guinizzelli and Cino da Pistoia; or people whose aristocratic background was challenged, like the young Dante; or completely non-noble merchants, like Guido Cavalcanti.
In Purgatorio, the spirit of Guido Guinizzelli refers to heaven as a monastery where Christ is abbot: "Or se tu hai si ampio privilegio, /che licito ti sia l'andare al chiostro /nel quale e Cristo abate del collegio, /falli per me un dir d'un paternostro [.
It is a style practiced by Guido Guinizzelli to whom, among others, Dante sent the poem.
E o stil novo todo, ja com Guinizzelli, que, ao apropriar-se do legado trovadoresco, o supera com uma intensidade bem maior do que aquela da reacao siciliana aos modelos provencais: precisamente porque o stil novo invoca o trovadorismo num ambiente em que as motivacoes sociopoliticas daquela poesia ja nao existem mais, sequer como resquicios.
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