Guizhou


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Wikipedia.

Guizhou

or

Kweichow

(both: gwā`jō`), province (2010 pop. 34,746,468), c.66,000 sq mi (170,940 sq km), SW China. GuiyangGuiyang
or Kweiyang
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,131,200), capital of Guizhou prov., SW China. On the main road from Kunming to Chongqing, it is also a rail (since 1959) and industrial center.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the capital and chief city; ZunyiZunyi
or Tsunyi
, town (1994 est. pop. 295,200), N Guizhou prov., SW China. It is on the main highway to Sichuan and is the commercial and agricultural distribution center of N Guizhou.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Duyun are important towns. Guizhou is almost entirely a high plateau, and its sheer limestone hills form some of the most spectacular karst scenery in the world. Guizhou has many deep river valleys, notably those of the Wu (the major river), the He, and the Yuan. The climate is mild and the rainfall adequate, but the soil is poor and there is little arable land. Rice is the major crop; the same amount of acreage is given to corn but with about half the yield. Soybeans, wheat, oats, barley, sweet potatoes, sorghum, and beans are raised for food. Commerical crops include rapeseed, tobacco, tea, peanuts, oakleaf silk, sugarcane, and indigo. Cotton is being developed. Guizhou has rich forests, and lumber, tung oil, lacquer, and paint are produced. Mineral resources, which are important to the province, include mercury, coal, iron, zinc, lead, copper, manganese, and gold. With unnavigable rivers, a limited railway system, and well-developed highways, transportation in the province is adequate. The province has two autonomous districts: one in the southeast, peopled by Miao (known for their embroideries) and Dong; and another in the south, inhabited by Puyi and Miao. Chinese settlement of the region began around 2,000 years ago, but it was only in the 10th cent. that it passed under the suzerainty of China. Guizhou became a province in the 17th cent. under the Ming dynasty, but the native Miaos were not completely subdued until about 1870. The traditional name of Guizhou is Kien or Qian. Guizhou Univ. is in Guiyang.

Guizhou

, Kweichow, Kueichou
a province of SW China, between the Yangtze and Xi Rivers: a high plateau. Capital: Guiyang. Pop.: 38 700 000 (2003 est.). Area: 174 000 sq. km (69 278 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The historical disaster records are derived from China Meteorological Disaster Yearbook (Guizhou volume) [45-51].
Guizhou's top officials - backed to the hilt by Beijing - have set their sights on two buzzy phrases from the information technology lexicon: cloud computing and Big Data.
In this study, we used polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and direct sequencing to screen the SNPs in TFB2M gene for their association with meat quality traits in Guizhou white goat.
HOLOTYPE: [male], Libo (N 25[degrees] 24' E 107[degrees] 52'), Guizhou Province, China, 18-VII-2011, W.-B.
When the facility is finished, Guizhou Ribao will have invested the USD equivalent of nearly $33 million in the 272,000-square-foot printing center.
Guizhou: The death toll from a blast at a mine in southwest China rose to 23 Monday after searchers found the body of the last missing miner, state press said.
This new coal wholesale network in Guizhou will increase our visibility and assist with future acquisitions.
Over the past few years, Taiwan Cement has set up cement plants in nearby Chongching of Sichuan province and Gangan of Guizhou province.
The Company is engaged in the process of exploring and/or developing coal properties in Guizhou province in China.
"The Guizhou Shuibai railway is designed to provide a more reliable and efficient means of transporting passengers and coal to energy-deficient areas in Guizhou and its neighbouring provinces.
METHODS: We selected Guizhou Province for our study because it is highly contaminated with Hg and therefore is representative of other Hg-contaminated areas in China.