Gujarati School

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gujarati School


one of the schools of Indian miniature painting (11th to 16th centuries). In content, the miniatures of this school are almost entirely illustrations of the religious books of the Jains, mainly of the Kalpasutra, the biography of Mahavira. An exception is the secular work Vasanta Vi-lasa (1451), which describes springtime and love. Originally (approximately up to the second half of the 14th century) the miniatures were painted on long, narrow palm leaves, on which the texts were also written. Their composition was distinguished by simplicity and conventionality (flat figures shown in profile or at a quarter turn, often in horizontal rows one above the other); the fine drawing of outlines and ornamentation was combined with bright paints of a local variety. In the second half of the 14th century palm leaves were replaced by paper, the composition became more complex, and elements of architecture and landscape were introduced. At the time of the Gujarat shahs (1396–1572) the Gujarati school was characterized by dynamic figures, precision of outline, and an abundance of decorative detail. The Gujarati school miniatures played a significant role in the formation of the early Rajput school, which arose in the 16th century.


Tiuliaev, S. 1. Iskusstvo Indii. Moscow, 1968. Pages 111–21.
Brown, W. N. A Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of Miniature Paintings of the Jaina Kalpasutra. Washington, 1934.
Chandra, M. Jain Miniature Paintings From Western India. Ahmadabad, 1949.
The Vasanta Vilása. A Poem ... in Sanskrit and Prakrit Stanzas and Illustrated With Miniature Paintings. Edited by W. Norman Brown. New Haven, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The author has established with a specific methodology that there was a Gujarati school of painting which matured during the 15th century.
Deputy chairman of Sansaar, Raj Samani, said: "We are doing this show in conjunction with Gujarati School and Krishna temple to showcase Gujarati in Coventry because nothing like this has happened before.
A religious recital on various topics from religious scriptures by Bharat Bhagat acted as the core to the weeklong celebration, while a big birthday cake was cut by students of the Shree Krishna Temple's Gujarati School. Everyone sang happy birthday to Lord Krishna, children prayed for peace, and wished for happiness and heath for all children.