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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the major and most economically and culturally advanced peoples of India. The Gujaratis, who number approximately 26 million people (1970, estimate), live mainly in the state of Gujarat. They speak the Gujarati language and have their own writing system and a well-developed literature. Most Gujaratis are Hindus, although there are many who profess Islam, Jainism, Parsiism, and Christianity. The chief occupation (approximately 70 percent) is the farming of rice, wheat, millet, sugarcane, and cotton. (Cotton accounts for approximately 40 percent of the cultivated land area.) Handicrafts, including handweaving, metalworking, and jewelry making, are well developed. The Gujarati industrial proletariat constitutes one of the largest sections of India’s working class, and the financial and industrial bourgeoisie occupies a leading position in the country’s economy. The Gurjara people, known in India since the early Middle Ages, provided the ethnic basis of the Gujaratis.


Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Mumou, I. U. Indiiskaia derevnia (luzhnyi Gudzherat). Moscow, 1952. (Translated from English.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gujaratis recognise your hatred for the state and have continuously rejected the Congress & will keep doing so!
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