In results the cusp of Carabelli exhibited maximum expression in Swati group while in Swati and Gujars more shoveling was observed as compared to Jadoons however the Bushmen canine was totally absent in these groups.
The ethnic groups selected for this study were Gujars, Jadoon and Swati.
The comparison between frequency of morphological variations among Swati, Jadoons and Gujars ethnic groups (Table 1and2) showed that all three populations have high percentage of cusp of Carabelli followed by shoveling and distal accessory ridge trait while Bushmen canine was absent in all three ethnic groups.
In Jadoons population the trait most frequently examined was again cusp of Carabelli similar to Swatis and Gujars which was 72% on right side first molar and 69% on left side molar (Table 2).
Within the limitations of this study, Gujars, Swatis and Jadoons population all exhibited dental morphological variations except Bushmen canine.
The aim of the study was to elucidate the prevalence of some accessory dental morphological traits variations in permanent teeth of population belonging to Swati, Gujar and Jadoon ethnic groups.
Gujars are the people found all over Northern India.
Van Gujars are the pastoral nomads who inherently are Sunni Muslims who inhabit the foothills of Shivalik ecosystem which, lies between the Himalaya and the Upper Gangetic plains.
At the bottom of the 'raos' close to the forest edge and the road lie the villages of the settled populations while their extensions into the interiors of the Shivaliks mark the territories of the Van Gujars.
The Gujars from Jammu and Kashmir migrated to the neighboring northern states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
The Deras are normally temporary in nature in the sense that the Deras get dismantled by the forest officials while Gujars make upward movement and Van Gujars construct it once again upon returning back to the Shivaliks after their summer stay at Alpines.