Gulf of Aden

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Aden, Gulf of

(ä`dən, ā`–), western arm of the Arabian Sea, 550 mi (885 km) long, lying between Yemen and Somalia; connected with the Red Sea by the Bab el Mandeb. The gulf is on the great Mediterranean Sea–Indian Ocean trade route. After the 16th cent. Portugal, Turkey, and Great Britain were the chief contenders for control of the gulf, but by the 19th cent. Britain dominated the area. In the late 1960s, British military withdrawal E of Suez led to an increased Soviet naval presence in the gulf area. The importance of the Gulf of Aden declined when the Suez Canal was closed, but it was revitalized when, after being deepened and widened by Egypt, the canal was reopened in 1975 and marine activity increased. The Gulf of Aden is richly supplied with fish, turtles, and lobsters.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aden, Gulf of


gulf of the Arabian Sea between the Arabian and Somaliland peninsulas. Depth to 3,680 m. It is connected to the Red Sea by the strait of Bab el Mandeb. Intense luminescent surface displays characterize the gulf waters. Semidiurnal inequality of tides to 2.9 m in height. The major port is Aden.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The countries surrounding the Gulf of Aden have since deployed regular military patrols in the area to safeguard passing ships.
Al-Suwaidi emphasized that, "despite declining rates of maritime piracy in recent times in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, it is still necessary to maintain international efforts to combat and stamp out piracy in the region.
CTF-151 operates in the Gulf of Aden and off the eastern coast of Somalia covering an area of approximately 1.1 million square miles.
The world community has reiterated the will to combat piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean through some states' dispatching of warships to the area or the adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 1816, in June 2008, which authorises hunting of pirates up to the Somali territory or on high seas, as well as the possibility of intervention in Somali territorial waters by using all necessary means.
Yemen apprehended 22 Somalis pirates after being detained in the Gulf of Aden by international naval forces.
"It was taken in the Gulf of Aden this morning with 23 Turkish crew," he said.
Yemen, across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia, is a small producer of oil and exports 200,000 barrels per day but is one of the world's poorest countries.
Two months after Iran said an Iranian warship was in the Gulf of Aden, Commander Alistair Worsley of the Royal Navy said, "We have had no contact with any Iranian warship." And Lt.
More than 150 suspected pirates were arrested by naval patrols in the Gulf of Aden in 2008.
Summary: A multinational naval force seized nine suspected pirates in the Gulf of Aden on Thursday after receiving a distress call from an Indian merchant vessel, the U.S.
Piracy in the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean off Somalia has become a major headache as it pushes up insurance costs or forces ships to take alternative routes.
Indian shipping firms are losing hundreds of thousands of dollars every month as fears of piracy in the Gulf of Aden hold up ships and delay consignments, officials said.