Gulf of Aqaba

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Aqaba, Gulf of,

northeastern arm of the Red Sea, 118 mi (190 km) long and 10 to 15 mi (16.1 to 24.1 km) wide, between the Sinai and Arabian peninsulas; a part of the Great Rift Valley. The gulf, which is entered through the Straits of Tiran, has played a major role in the tensions and wars between Israel and the Arab states (Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia) bordering it. Aqaba, with the Israeli port of ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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 at its head, was Israel's only accessible waterway to E Africa, Asia, and Australia when Egypt closed the Suez Canal between 1967 to 1975. The Gulf of Aqaba was blockaded by the Arabs from 1949 to 1956 and again in 1967, despite the fact that it was declared (1958) an international waterway by the United Nations. In the wake of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, Israel occupied the Sinai and hence strategic points along the Straits of Tiran to insure open passage of its shipping. As a result of the Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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 of 1978, and the ensuing Egypt-Israel peace treaty (1979), Israel withdrew from its positions on the Straits of Tiran. The Gulf of Aqaba played a major role in the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 throughout the 1980s, when it became a vital supply port for Iraq via Jordan. Later, with the imposition of international sanctions against Iraq and the ensuing Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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 (1991), the Gulf of Aqaba served as an important blockade point for coalition forces against goods bound for Iraq.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Today, the Gulf of Aqaba's coral reefs include refuge areas that have remained relatively healthy in our changing world, The researchers wanted to know whether a common, branching coral species in the Gulf, S.
Historically, Egypt's maritime borders on the Red Sea, including Gulf of Aqaba and Tiran Straits, were demarcated between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain following a dispute between them in May 1906.
The Gulf of Aqaba has been considered one of the most seismically-active regions in the Middle East during the last 15 years A catalogue of 1,415 earthquakes (duration magnitude [greater than or equal to] 2.8 Md) for 1985-1995 has been compiled by Al-Arifi (1996) and A1-Shaabi (1998), based mainly on Seismic Studies Centre (SSC) data, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, for 28[degrees]30[degrees]N and 30[degrees]-36[degrees]E.
The bridge will link the Kingdom with Egypt via the Gulf of Aqaba from the Ras Hamid area in Saudi Arabia to Ras Nassrani near Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt.
Owned by Roger Brookhouse, Gulf Of Aqaba had proved a flop for former trainer David Pipe over hurdles and had not been placed in six previous runs on the Flat, but the re-application of blinkers and a big step up in trip, from 1m1f last time, finally saw the five-year-old come good on his gallops promise.
But that was the only hiccup in a week-long trip that saw us basking on the beach, enjoying the food and drink on offer in our all-inclusive package - and heading across the Gulf of Aqaba into Jordan to visit the stunning Lost City of Petra.
For instance, prior to the Six Day War in 1967, Egyptian President Gamal Nasser blockaded the critical Israeli transportation route in the Gulf of Aqaba and sent his tanks into the Sinai in order to prepare for-in his own words--"throwing the Zionists into the sea," and went further saying that, "our basic objective will be the destruction of Israel."...
The Gulf of Aqaba, a tiny inlet of clear, unexpectedly deep water, is one of the Middle East's last true oases.
In the Gulf of Aqaba, maximum temperature will hit 38 degrees Celsius, sliding to 25 at night, the JMD said .
Tiran and Sanafir are located in the narrow entrance to the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
and Saudi Arabian scientists found when they launched the most extensive baseline survey to-date of coral reef ecosystems along the Saudi coast of the Gulf of Aqaba. Off its hazy, brown shore lies a colorful, underwater world where bright anemones sway, neon fish dart like birds, large corals branch like trees, and comprehensive research studies of reef ecosystems have been lacking--until now.