Gulf of Guinea


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Guinea, Gulf of

(gĭn`ē), large open arm of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the great bend of the coast of W Africa. It extends from the western coast of Côte d'Ivoire to the Gabon estuary and is bounded on the south by the equator. The bights of Benin and Biafra belong to the gulf. The exploitation of major offshore oil deposits began in the late 1990s. There are also metal ore deposits. Islands in the gulf include Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), São Tomé, and Principe.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guinea, Gulf of

 

located in the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of equatorial Africa between Cape Palmas (Liberia) in the north and Palmeirinhas Point (Angola) in the south. Area, 1,533,000 sq km. In the extreme northeast the Gulf of Guinea splits into two bights—Biafra and Benin. There are islands in the Gulf of Guinea that are of mainland and volcanic origin, including Fernando Póo, Principe, and Sāo Tomé. The maximum depth is 6,363 m, and the water temperature is 25°-27° C. The salinity is 34-35 parts per thousand, but near the mouths of rivers, such as the Niger, Volta, Ogooué, and Congo, it drops to 20-30 parts per thousand. Tides are semidiurnal, and their maximum height is 2.7 m. Chief ports on the Gulf of Guinea are Tema, Accra, and Takoradi (Ghana), Lomé (Togo), Lagos (Nigeria), Libreville (Gabon), Pointe-Noire (Zaire), and Luanda (Angola).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond defining the Gulf of Guinea, Ali makes a convincing case for the region's global strategic significance.
In the Gulf of Guinea, the locus of one fifth of the world's maritime crime, authorities should lay down better provisions to protect merchant ships, said Rider.
(9) Also in January, the Greek-owned MT Kerala vanished in Angolan waters south of the Gulf of Guinea before reappearing further north in Nigerian waters about 57 miles southwest of a Nigerian oil terminal (10) and missing almost 13,000 tons of its diesel cargo.
However, IMB reported a sharp rise in activity in West Africa in 2012 with 58 incidents off the Gulf of Guinea, which is the area where France has vital interests at stake.
Nigeria, Gabon, Ghana and other countries around the Gulf of Guinea produce more than 3 million barrels of oil a day, or about one-third of Africa's output, according to data compiled by BP Plc.
Nigeria presently accounts for a large volume of cargo and vessel traffic in the Gulf of Guinea and also in the West African Sub-region [1].
While piracy is an age-old crime, it has recently re-emerged in different forms off the Coast of Somalia, in the Gulf of Guinea, and through the international straits of Indonesia.
Pirate attacks off West Africa's mineral-rich Gulf of Guinea have almost doubled from last year and threaten to jeopardize the shipping of commodities from the region.
He cautioned that the problem of piracy "is far from resolved," and piracy continues to be a threat not only in the waters off Somalia but also in the Gulf of Guinea and in other regions of the world.
"This progress could easily be reversed if naval vessels were withdrawn from the area." But while piracy has been reduced on the east coast of Africa, it has picked up on the west coast, where 58 incidents were reported in the Gulf of Guinea, including 37 involving guns.
Piracy off the Nigerian coast and elsewhere in the Gulf of Guinea is on the rise.
The 8th ordinary meeting of the Council of the Ministers of the member-states of the regional fisheries commission of the Gulf of Guinea (COREP) will be held 20-23 February in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, official sources told PANA here.