Gulf of Guinea

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Guinea, Gulf of

(gĭn`ē), large open arm of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the great bend of the coast of W Africa. It extends from the western coast of Côte d'Ivoire to the Gabon estuary and is bounded on the south by the equator. The bights of Benin and Biafra belong to the gulf. The exploitation of major offshore oil deposits began in the late 1990s. There are also metal ore deposits. Islands in the gulf include Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), São Tomé, and Principe.

Guinea, Gulf of


located in the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of equatorial Africa between Cape Palmas (Liberia) in the north and Palmeirinhas Point (Angola) in the south. Area, 1,533,000 sq km. In the extreme northeast the Gulf of Guinea splits into two bights—Biafra and Benin. There are islands in the Gulf of Guinea that are of mainland and volcanic origin, including Fernando Póo, Principe, and Sāo Tomé. The maximum depth is 6,363 m, and the water temperature is 25°-27° C. The salinity is 34-35 parts per thousand, but near the mouths of rivers, such as the Niger, Volta, Ogooué, and Congo, it drops to 20-30 parts per thousand. Tides are semidiurnal, and their maximum height is 2.7 m. Chief ports on the Gulf of Guinea are Tema, Accra, and Takoradi (Ghana), Lomé (Togo), Lagos (Nigeria), Libreville (Gabon), Pointe-Noire (Zaire), and Luanda (Angola).

References in periodicals archive ?
The US Maritime Administration (MARAD) had recently issued guidance to vessels transiting or operating in the Gulf of Guinea.
Given the size of West African economies -- with Nigeria dominating as a major oil producer -- and the parlous state of shipping markets internationally, ships will continue to sail the Gulf of Guinea on their way to and from the region's ports.
While the book elaborates this conceptual approach in the Gulf of Guinea context, it is applicable globally.
In fact, some companies in West Africa and the Gulf of Guinea have begun to even hoard oil in storage tanks, hoping for a price upswing in Brent crude that is unlikely to continue.
9) Also in January, the Greek-owned MT Kerala vanished in Angolan waters south of the Gulf of Guinea before reappearing further north in Nigerian waters about 57 miles southwest of a Nigerian oil terminal (10) and missing almost 13,000 tons of its diesel cargo.
The use of private security may be less effective in the Gulf of Guinea because the pirates are more violent, said Jan Fritz Hansen, who chairs the piracy task force at the European Community Shipowners' Associations.
A research published by the United States Naval War College in 2010 indicates that, out of 178 attacks reported in the Gulf of Guinea between 2003 and 2007, 137 of the attacks took place in Nigerian waters.
While piracy is an age-old crime, it has recently re-emerged in different forms off the Coast of Somalia, in the Gulf of Guinea, and through the international straits of Indonesia.
Pirate attacks off West Africa's mineral-rich Gulf of Guinea have almost doubled from last year and threaten to jeopardize the shipping of commodities from the region.
He cautioned that the problem of piracy "is far from resolved," and piracy continues to be a threat not only in the waters off Somalia but also in the Gulf of Guinea and in other regions of the world.
But while piracy has been reduced on the east coast of Africa, it has picked up on the west coast, where 58 incidents were reported in the Gulf of Guinea, including 37 involving guns.
Piracy off the Nigerian coast and elsewhere in the Gulf of Guinea is on the rise.