Between 1017 and 1025, the Cholas raided the key Malay ports in the Straits and the Gulf of Siam, including Kedah, Melayu (Jambi), Lambri, Srivijaya and Langkasuka, pillaging the Kedah treasury and capturing Srivijaya's ruler.
This is in direct contrast to the conclusions of such scholars as Wolters, who have argued that Srivijaya's political and economic influence over the Melaka Straits and Gulf of Siam would have necessarily been maintained by a strong naval presence.
To demonstrate the largely neglected importance of the topographical element of factual analysis, I will focus on the setting of The Shadow-Line, with additional consideration of how the Gulf of Siam appears in "Falk" and "The Secret Sharer."(4) I have drawn on nineteenth-century British Admiralty charts, pilot guides, and travel narratives, among other materials, to reconstruct the factual setting of these tales and evaluate the author's fidelity to that setting--revealing how Conrad alters specific details of the seascape in order to reinforce the major themes of his art.
As a matter of fact, his own appointment to the Otago also came about thanks to a telegram: Captain Ellis, the Master-Attendant of Singapore, received a message from the British Consul in Bangkok informing him of the need for a replacement captain.(23) The historical telegram must have come to Singapore via the combination land-sea route around the Gulf of Siam rather than through its depths, but Conrad chooses a more ironic path for the fictional telegram in The Shadow-Line.
Consistent Gulf of Siam
(7.30) should make it a double for Sally Hall in the other maiden handicap.
Since November, French seaplanes had been checking the Gulf of Siam
two or three times a week for any movement by Thai naval forces, aided by a couple of French auxiliaries which also maintained surveillance.
The terrain in Pattaya along the Gulf of Siam
is generally quite flat, but Dale reports that Chee Chan Golf Resort is a glorious anomaly boasting fully 25 meters of elevation change, just the right amount to create a challenging, visually dramatic and walkable resort course that measures more than 7,200 yards from the championship tees.
This essay lays out the evidence that Xian/Ayutthaya in its first two centuries - beginning before the legendary foundation of 1351 -- was a maritime power focused on becoming a dominant force in the trading world of the Gulf of Siam and Malay Peninsula in the post-Srivijayan era.
Wolters, 'Chen-li-fu, a state on the Gulf of Siam at the beginning of the 13th Century' JSS, 48, 2 (1960): 2; Ma Huan, Ying-yai sheng-lan, p.
We have by now observed that the landmarks in the Gulf of Siam
undergo significant alteration in The Shadow-Line, "Falk," and "The Secret Sharer." One may justifiably wonder why these alterations should in themselves attract our attention, however.
As a result of Richards's efforts, the Admiralty published a chart of the Gulf of Siam
Wolters, "Chen-li-fu, a State on the Gulf of Siam
at the beginning of the 13th Century", JSS 48, 2 (1960); O.W.