La Spezia

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Spezia, La

(lä spĕt`syä), city (1991 pop. 101,442), capital of La Spezia prov., in Liguria, NW Italy, on the Gulf of La Spezia (an arm of the Ligurian Sea) and at the eastern end of the RivieraRiviera
, narrow coastal strip between the Alps and the Mediterranean, extending, roughly, from La Spezia (Italy) to Hyères (France). Famous for its scenic beauty and for its mild winter climate, and dotted with fashionable resorts, hotels, and villas, the Riviera is a
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. It is the chief Italian naval station and arsenal and the seat of a navigation school. It is also a commercial port, with shipyards and industries producing machinery, metal products, and refined petroleum. Once a fishing village, La Spezia has been fortified since the Middle Ages. It was badly damaged by Allied bombing in World War II. There is a notable cathedral (14th–16th cent.) in the city; nearby are the ruins of Luna, a Roman town destroyed in the Middle Ages. Along the picturesque Gulf of La Spezia there are several villages celebrated for their beauty, especially Portovenere, Lèrici, and San Terenzo.

La Spezia

 

a city and port in northern Italy, in the region of Liguria. Situated on the Gulf of La Spezia of the Ligurian Sea, in a well protected inlet. Capital of the province of La Spezia. Population, 123,500 (1973). The freight turnover of La Spezia was 11,500 million tons in 1972. Industry includes nonferrous and ferrous metallurgy, shipbuilding, electrical engineering, radio electronics, and the military industry. The city manufactures industrial looms, agricultural machinery, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, and wood products. La Spezia has a museum of naval and natural history, as well as architectural monuments dating from the 14th through the 16th century.

La Spezia

a port in NW Italy, in Liguria, on the Gulf of Spezia: the chief naval base in Italy. Pop.: 91 391 (2001)