Tonkin Gulf resolution

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Tonkin Gulf resolution,

in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S. destroyers that were reporting intelligence information to South Vietnam. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisers decided upon immediate air attacks on North Vietnam in retaliation; he also asked Congress for a mandate for future military action. On Aug. 7, Congress passed a resolution drafted by the administration authorizing all necessary measures to repel attacks against U.S. forces and all steps necessary for the defense of U.S. allies in Southeast Asia. Although there was disagreement in Congress over the precise meaning of the Tonkin Gulf resolution, Presidents Johnson and Richard M. Nixon used it to justify later military action in Southeast Asia. The measure was repealed by Congress in 1970. Retired Vietnamese general Vo Nguyen Giap, in a 1995 meeting with former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, categorically denied that the North Vietnamese had attacked the U.S. destroyers on Aug. 4, 1964, and in 2001 it was revealed that President Johnson, in a taped conversation with McNamara several weeks after passage of the resolution, had expressed doubt that the attack ever occurred.
References in periodicals archive ?
It also explores the perspective of Lyndon Johnson, the workings of the Senate and White House as they debated the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, the civil rights issues under King as the primary leader of the movement, and the impact of the Vietnam War and how American leaders debated and implemented their policy in Southeast Asia, including how the war contributed to distrust and disillusionment in the US government.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) is one of the more famous of these grants of authority.
Ernest Gruening of Alaska were the only two senators to vote against the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution that granted President Johnson war powers.
naval vessels, which led to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of 1964.
Of the 58,286 names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, 57,988 are of Americans killed after passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which was the closest Congress came to declaring war.
Johnson -- the same president who had successfully striven shortly before to pass the landmark Civil Rights Act -- manipulated public and congressional opinion to win approval for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, effectively a carte blanche for presidential war-making, based on a lie.
Whether his account was accurate is still disputed; but Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack" against U.
That action was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, passed on August 7, 1964.
The year before, he voted in favor of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave a pass to President Lyndon Johnson to escalate the war after an attack by North Vietnam on an American patrol boat--an attack that never happened.
Congress, in turn, passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted the President the right to use "all necessary measures" against North Vietnam.
Lyndon Johnson would not consider a political settlement in Vietnam and authorized--with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution as his constitutional claim (a flimsy argument)--a military intervention in that country.
Ranging from an excerpt of Michael Harrington's poverty expose, The Other America to the text of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution that authorized the escalation of the Vietnam War, and from early documents of feminism and gay liberation to Richard Nixon's acceptance speech at the 1968 Republican National Convention, the documents in this book convey the many currents of political and social change that characterized this tumultuous decade.

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