Guliashchie Liudi

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guliashchie Liudi


in the Russian state from the 16th to the beginning of the 18th century, freed kholopy (male slaves). The term guliashchie liudi also applied to servants whose bondage legally ended with the death of their master and to peasants posadskie liudi (merchants and artisans), and sluzhilye liudi (members of the military service class) engaged in seasonal work.

Guliashchie liudi paid no taxes to the state or the feudal lords. They were primarily hired workers who often became dependent on a new feudal lord. In the 17th century people departing to look for work were said to be “strolling” (guliat’) or “going out into the world” (khodit’ v guliakakh), and they were called “wanderers” (guliashchie). Guliashchie liudi actively participated in antifeudal peasant uprisings and wars and in city uprisings. The government tried to destroy this segment of the population. On June 1, 1722, Peter I issued an edict ordering the conscription of the guliashchie liudi as soldiers or as people legally tied to the cities or their transformation into serfs.


Pankratova, A. M. Naimity na Rusi v XVII v. In the collection Akademiku B. D. Grekovu ko dhiu semidesiatiletiia. Moscow, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An official commercial district (posad) appeared in Sevsk only in the 1680s, when 52 people were registered as townsmen (posadskie liudi) from the ranks of free itinerants (guliashchie liudi) and retired servicemen.
The majority of travelers were musketeers and service cossacks from the frontier garrison districts; there were also some free itinerants (guliashchie liudi) and a few peasants and cotters.