Gulistan, Treaty of 1813

Gulistan, Treaty of (1813)

 

the peace treaty between Russia and Persia signed on October 24 (November 5) in the village of Gulistan in Karabakh, at the conclusion of the Russo-Persian wars of the 19th century.

According to the Treaty of Gulistan, Persia recognized the transfer to Russia of Daghestan, Georgia, Megrelia, Imeretia, Guria, Abkhazia, and the khanates of Baku, Karabakh, Gandzha, Shirvan, Sheki, Derbent, Kuba, and Talysh. The treaty granted Russia the exclusive right to have a military fleet on the Caspian Sea. The merchants of both countries received the right of free trade. In the historical conditions of the times, the annexation of a considerable part of Transcaucasia to Russia had a progressive significance for the Transcaucasian peoples, who were saved from the continuous bloody and destructive invasions of the Persian and Turkish aggressors. The annexation led to the liquidation of the feudal system of parceling the land and drew the territory into the common course of progressive economic development. In addition, it linked up the peoples of Transcaucasia with the higher Russian culture and the sociopolitical movement of Russia.

REFERENCES

Iuzefovich, T. Dogovory Rossii s Vostokom: Politicheskie i tor-
govye. St. Petersburg, 1869.
Istoriia diplomatii, 2nd ed., vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Igamberdyev, M. A. Iran v mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniiakh pervoitreti XIX v. Samarkand, 1961.
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