Gunnar Myrdal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Myrdal, (Karl) Gunnar


Born Dec. 6, 1898, in Gustafs. Swedish economist. Professor at the Higher Commercial School in Stockholm (1933–50 and again from 1960); consultant to the Swedish government on economic questions (1933–38); minister of trade and commerce (1945–47); executive secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (1947–57).

Myrdal’s many works on international economic relations contain theoretical validations and practical recommendations for strengthening economic ties between the developed capitalist countries and the developing nations. He is an advocate of expansion of economic contacts with the socialist states. His books are distinguished by rich factual material and an original interpretation of vital economic and political problems. Myrdal’s views on the socioeconomic development of Third World countries are widely known in the West and are considered authoritative.

A number of Myrdal’s recent works accurately depict the difficulties that developing countries are experiencing in overcoming the economic backwardness inherited from colonialism. However, Myrdal’s evaluation of the potentials for further economic development of Third World countries is based on a denial of the noncapitalist path; this reflects the inconsistency and bourgeois narrowness of his scholarly concepts. In his works, Myrdal idealizes the bourgeois system and underestimates the fundamental contradictions between imperialist states.


Monetary Equilibrium. London, 1939.
The Political Element in the Development of Economic Theory. London, 1953.
Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions. London, 1957.
Beyond the Welfare State. New Haven, 1960.
Challenge to Affluence. London, 1963.
The Challenge of World Poverty: A World Antipoverty Program in Outline. New York, 1970.
Aufsätze und Reden. Frankfurt am Main, 1971.
In Russian translation:
Mirovaia ekonomika: Problemy i perspektivy. Moscow, 1958.
Sovremennye problemy “tret’ego mira.” Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the help from Gunnar Myrdal Alf Ross got in contact with Axel Hagerstrom, the Professor of Philosophy at Uppsala University.
This itself is a powerful rebuke to the assumptions of white liberals like Irving Howe and Gunnar Myrdal, who saw the ways that black life had been shaped by historical circumstances, but failed to understand the way that white lives were inescapably shaped by quite different, though thoroughly damaging, operations of power.
Kotinsky), the authors acknowledged that "thoroughly satisfactory methods of determining the effects of prejudice and discrimination on health or personality have not yet been devised, nor has a sufficient number of studies dealing with various minority groups been made." An American Dilemma was an especially odd book for the court to be using in adjudicating the constitutionality of the laws in question since the author, Swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal, stated therein that the U.S.
Hayek y Gunnar Myrdal. En la comunidad del desarrollo, desde finales de la decada de los cuarenta, e incluso desde antes, se prefirio la aproximacion de Myrdal, sin profundizar en sus raices, dinamicas y consecuencias.
Os Estados de bem-estar social foram desenvolvidos principalmente na Europa, a partir dos principios defendidos pela teoria da social-democracia, a partir das orientacoes doutrinarias do economista e sociologo sueco Karl Gunnar Myrdal. (2)
China was two years away from launching the devastating Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Vietnam was at war and would remain so for more than another decade, South Korea was still at least 10 years away from achieving any noticeable economic ascent; indeed, in the late 1960s, the state of Asia could be encapsulated in the title and subtitle of a 1968 three-volume opus by Economics Laureate Gunnar Myrdal, Asian Drama: An Inquiry Into the Poverty of Nations.
The title of the book references The American Dilemma, the classic 1944 book by Swedish sociologist and economist Gunnar Myrdal. A prominent race theorist of his day, Myrdal argued that White Americans would support civil rights as a moral good once they understood the impact of discrimination on Blacks.
David Laidler, in his all-too-brief chapter 4, sheds some light on the circumstances, reporting on a 1973 exchange between Herbert Giersch and Erik Lundberg on the need to compensate for the award of the Prize to Gunnar Myrdal by finding a joint recipient who was neither Swedish nor social democratic.
One of Lord Russell's close friends, Professor Gunnar Myrdal, chairman of the International Peace Research Institute, said, "Bertrand Russell saw the fatal role in history played by the stupidity of man, his ignorance and lack of human decency.
In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for his "pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and ...
Graham and Gunnar Myrdal, have suggested that when an economist addresses major social issues, he or she ought to disclose his or her own ideological proclivities, or where he/she "is coming from."
This work presents pioneering papers and book chapters, originally published in the 1930s-1990s, written by five winners of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences: Gunnar Myrdal (1898-1987); Friedrich A.