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(gôrgän`) or


(jo͝orjän`), town (1991 pop. 162,468), N Iran, E of the Caspian Sea. The surrounding region yields abundant grain and has extensive forests and marshes. Items of trade include carpets. The surrounding area, the ancient Hyrcania, was captured by the Arabs (716) and conquered by the Mongols (13th cent.). Aga Muhammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, was born there, and the town flourished (c.1800) with the rise of the dynasty. It was formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a town in northern Iran, in the region of Mazanderan. Population, 31,200 in 1966.

Gorgan is connected by a railroad line and a highway with the port of Bandar-e Shah and the city of Tehran. The town contains small cotton and rice-refining plants and creameries. Handicraft production is widespread. Gorgan is subject to earthquakes. (The most recent strong earthquake occurred in 1944.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigation began from the Gurgan cape in the east of Absheron with the participation of experienced divers.
TV TIMES: Live on Sky Sports from 6.30pm (throw-in 7pm) TEAM NEWSARMAGHB Hughes J Morgan C Vernon P Hughes M Shields B Donaghy A Forker S Sheridan, N Grimley E Rafferty A Duffy R Gurgan J Clarke A Murnin G McParland KILDAREM Donnellan M O'Grady D Hyland O Lyons P Kelly J Byrne K Cribbin K Feely T Moolick F Conway N Kelly D Slattery P Brophy D Flynn C McNally
Understanding whether there is a change in surface roughness is important because, according to Yalcin and Gurgan, "irregularities in surface texture enhance bacterial adhesion, and roughened materials may suffer from increased staining." (23) Increased bacterial adhesion increases the incidence of recurrent decay and defective restorations.
Gurgan, "Comparison of different gonadotrophin preparations in intrauterine insemination cycles for the treatment of unexplained infertility: a prospective, randomized study," Human Reproduction, vol.
Gurgan, "Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda and osteoporosis: a case report," Osteoporoz Dunyasindan, vol.
20 Souza RF, Paranhos HFO, Silva-Lovato CH, Abu-Naba'a L, Fedorowicz Z, Gurgan CA.
Fikriye Figen AYHAN, [1] Sebnem ATAMAN, [2] Aylin REZVANI, [3] Nurdan PAKER, [4] Nurettin TASTEKIN, [5] Taciser KAYA, [6] Hatice BODUR, [7] Mahmut YENER, [8] Pelin YAZGAN, [9] Beril DOGU, [10] Alev GURGAN [11]