Gurjara-Pratihara


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Gurjara-Pratihara

 

a Rajput dynasty in northern India from the beginning of the eighth century to 1018. Beginning its expansion from the territory of Rajasthan, the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty seized Malwa, Gujarat, and most of the Ganges valley. They suffered a number of serious defeats at the hands of the Palas and Rashtrakutas, but they emerged triumphant in the struggle to create an empire, which embraced the greater part of northern India. However, in the middle of the tenth century, their vassals seceded, creating independent Rajput principalities. In 1018, Mahmud of Ghazni plundered their capital, and the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty ceased to exist.

REFERENCES

Munshi, K. M. The Glory That Was Gūrjaradeśa, vols. 1–3. Bombay, 1943–55.
The History and Culture of the Indian People, vols. 3–5. Bombay, 1954–57.
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He dedicates both plays to "Mahipaladeva," and, according to the prevailing scholarly opinion, this would have been the Gurjara-Pratihara king Mahipala I, who ruled from Kannauj beginning sometime around 912 c.e.
This region can be further delineated by two historical and political understandings of the geography: the area of analysis comprised ancient Gopaksetra or Gwalior and its vicinity, ruled not by a central and localized power but by feudatories of the Gurjara-Pratiharas, paramount at Ujjain and Kannauj between the eighth and eleventh centuries; and Dahaladesa, roughly coinciding with the lands of the Kalachuri empire based at Tripuri, spanning the late eighth through early thirteenth centuries.