Nanak

(redirected from Guru Nanak)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Guru Nanak: Guru Granth Sahib, Sikhism

Nanak

 

Born Apr. 15, 1469, in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talvandi, district of Shekhupura, Punjab; died Sept. 22, 1539, in Kartarpur. Indian poet, preacher, and ideologist of Sikhism. Wrote in Punjabi.

Nanak was the son of a merchant. His teachings were based on the doctrine of bhakti. He preached religious unity, social and caste equality, and spiritual self-improvement. He rejected the rituals of existing religions and advocated the active participation of his Sikh disciples in secular life. He founded a community in which unquestioning obedience to the authority of the guru (teacher) was required. The members of the Sikh community included members of the upper castes, untouchables, and Muslims; for the most part, they were from the trading and artisan strata of society. There were also members of the Jat peasantry, whose antifeudal views were reflected in Nanak’s teachings. In his verse, Nanak used Indian and Persian measures. The Granth, the holy book of the Sikhs, contains 974 works by Nanak, of which the most important are his “Prayer,” “Hymn to Hope,” and “Twelve Moons.”

WORKS

In English translation:
Selections From the Sacred Writings of the Sikhs. London, 1960.

REFERENCES

Reisner, I.M. Narodnye dvizheniia ν Indii ν XVI1-XVIII vv. Moscow, 1958.
Serebriakov, I. Pendzhabskaia literatura. Moscow, 1963.
Guru Nanak: K 500-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia poeta i gumanista Indii. Moscow, 1972.
Mahankavi guru Nanak. Patiala, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
com)-- A new Video Album titled "Ek Onkar Satgur Te Paiyai Hau Bal Bal Gur Darsayena" has been released by Guru Nanak Daata Baksh Lai Mission, Chandigarh.
Sikh ladies from the Guru Nanak Sikh temple visit Colne Valley Museum
The telecast will also be opposed by all followers of Guru Nanak Dev.
Sandwell Sikhs took to the streets to celebrate the birth of |their first Guru and founder of Sikhism, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
16pm, the official time for breaking fast during the holy month of Ramadan in Dubai, the air in the langar hall (dining area of the Guru Nanak Darbar Gurudwara, a Sikh temple) was filled with azn, instead of the usual kirtan, in honour and regard of the visitors from Al Manar Centre.
Sikhs in ceremonial dress set off from Gurdwara Guru Nanak Parkash temple in Bishopsgate Green to walk to other temples around the city 200414VAISHAKHI.
8) The condemnation of contemporary politics and government by Guru Nanak springs from his belief in the ideal of justice, an ideal which appeared to be flagrantly violated by the holders of political power in his days.
The application has been several months in the planning and has backing from the Guru Nanak Gurdwara temple in Smethwick and Smethwick Youth and Community Centre.
What the authors do throughout the course of the book is actually define what "householder" means to Guru Nanak and by extension for Sikhism itself (pp.
In 1499, after Guru Nanak Ji merged with the Divine, his first words were "Ek Ong Kar," revealing that there was but one God - a creative, intelligent and spiritual force pervading all creation.
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak in the late 15th century," Gurpreet explains.
Detectives, appealing for witnesses, said the thugs fled with property from the Guru Nanak temple in Wolverhampton.