Loshar marks the New Year of the indigenous Tamu community, or Gurungs
, of Nepal.
The Gurungs of Gandaki region follow the Bon and Buddhist rituals in their cultural life.
The Gurungs had their own kingdom in Gandaki region, in western Nepal till 15th century A.D., before the rise of Shah dynasty, the ruling family of Nepal (Gurung 1985: 145-155; Gurung 2006: 2).
The language spoken by the Gurungs belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family, and it has a close resemblance with Tamang and Thakali languages.
Gurungs, who call themselves Tamu, are indigenous inhabitants of west-central parts of Nepal.
Gurungs all across the world celebrate Tamu Losar by organising rallies and cultural programmes.
Tamu Losar is celebrated on the 15th day of Poush in Nepali calendar and marks the beginning of the Tamu Sambat or Gurung Calendar Year.
Though the book claims to deal with the world of Adivasi/Janajati, there are at least four articles which exclusively focus on Gurungs only such as "Gurung Jati Bare" (About the Gurungs), "Tamujati: Auta Manthan" (Tamu Jati: Some Discussions), "Tamu Sankritiko Jagerna" (Protection of Tamu Culture) and "Gurung Bare Auta Thakali Katha" (A Thakali story about the Gurung).
Harka Bahadur Gurung (1939-2006), well known for his wide-ranging scholarship, died in a helicopter crash on September 23, 2006 in Taplejung District, Eastern Nepal.
Harka Gurung was born in Taranche, a small village in Lamjung in Central Nepal on February 5, 1939 in a soldier-cum priestly Gurung family.
There is a strong preference for sons, which can be attributed to the patriarchal norms and values among the Gurungs nearly the same as "Hindu" and the cultural and economic roles, the sons play in the family and society.
The Gurungs belong to the Tibeto-Burman group of the Himalayans region.