Virgil Grissom

(redirected from Gus Grissom)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grissom, Virgil


Born Apr. 3, 1926, in Mitchell, Ind.; died Jan. 27, 1967, at the testing area of Cape Kennedy. US astronaut. Air force colonel.

Grissom became a military pilot in 1944. In 1950 he graduated from Purdue University in Lafayette, Ind.; in 1955 he graduated from the Air Force Institute of Technology; and in 1956 he graduated from test pilot school at Edwards Air Force Base. In 1959 he became an astronaut of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. On July 21, 1961, as part of Project Mercury, he completed a 16-minute suborbital flight. On Mar. 23, 1965, he completed a space flight in Gemini 3 with J. Young. The flight lasted about five hours (three orbits around the earth). On this flight the astronauts made the first transfer of a spaceship from one orbit to another. E. White, R. Chaffee, and Grissom died from a fire that broke out in the cabin of an Apollo spaceship during ground tests.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Conspiracies episode points out that astronaut Gus Grissom died in a fire inside a capsule during a NASA preflight testing, along with two other astronauts, and notes that he'd been "critical" of the moon mission just days before that.
The hatch blew off early from a Mercury capsule in the Atlantic Ocean, nearly drowning astronaut Gus Grissom. He died years later in 1967 along with Ed White and Roger B.
In February 1967, at a launch rehearsal, a cabin fire killed the crew of Apollo 1, Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee.
We told how Apollo 1 astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee died when their craft caught fire as it was readied for a Moon test flight.
The crew - Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee - couldn't escape because the pressurised atmosphere prevented the hatch door from opening.
Calculated Risk: The Supersonic Life and Times of Gus Grissom; Revised Edition
But Iota gained an additional name that was used quite a bit in recent decades: the strange-looking "Dnoces." This was later revealed as a new name coined by Gus Grissom for one of several navigational stars to be used on the fateful Apollo 1 mission.
Young joined Gus Grissom on the Gemini 3 mission, then commanded the first space shuttle mission in what some people called "the boldest test flight in history."
So did Ed Koch, then in Congress, who explained, "I cannot justify approving moneys to find out whether or not there is some microbe on Mars when in fact I know there are rats in Harlem apartments." But at the sacred moment Neil Armstrong stepped onto the Sea of Tranquility, with the aspirations of mankind resting on his shoulders and the dying cries of Gus Grissom and the other casualties of the Apollo program ringing in his ears, what kind of monster would interrupt with a boo?
America's second space traveler, Gus Grissom, lost his capsule after splashdown.
Other new members of the board include Lowell Grissom, the brother of Gus Grissom who died during Apollo 1 testing, and Nasa commander and astronaut Mark Kelly, whose twin Scott is on the International Space Station.