Gustav Freytag


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Freytag, Gustav

 

Born July 13, 1816, in Kreuzburg, Silesia; died Apr. 30, 1895, in Wiesbaden. German writer.

Freytag studied philology at the universities of Breslau and Berlin between 1835 and 1838. Although initially sympathetic to the ideas of Junges Deutschland, he gradually adopted the national liberal ideas of the preimperialist period. In his comedy The Journalists (1854; Russian translation, 1896), Freytag exposed the corruption and unscrupulous character of the periodical press. His historical novel of manners Debit and Credit (1855; Russian translation, 1858), which is marked by a philistine moral outlook and nationalistic bias, unfolds a program for the development of German agriculture along capitalist lines and for the strengthening of national commerce. Freytag’s extensive studies in cultural history resulted in Pictures of German Life (1859) and a series of historical novels, The Ancestors (1872–80), that describes the fortunes of many generations of a German family.

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, 2nd ed., vols. 1–22. Leipzig, 1896–98.
In Russian translation:
Kartiny srednevekovoi zhizni. Moscow, 1868.
Kartiny iz proshlogo Germanii. St. Petersburg, 1913.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968.
Mehring, F. Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934. (Translated from German.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Early studies like George Mosses seminal 1957 essay "The Image of the Jew in German Popular Culture" focused on how widely-read texts by authors like Gustav Freytag and Felix Dahn disseminated negative images of Jews that shaped mentalities.
German scholar Gustav Freytag defined those acts for the modern age.
Lecky, Alice Stopford Green, Leopold von Ranke, Heinrich von Sybel, Johannes Janssen, Felix Dahn, Gustav Freytag, Heinrich von Treitschke, and Johannes Haller.
First: it proceeds strictly chronologically with the presentation of antisemitic/anti-capitalistic texts, among which the novel "Soll und Haben" by Gustav Freytag (1855) represents the main point of origin.
In the influential pyramidal outline of five-act dramatic structure, advanced by the German playwright Gustav Freytag in Die Technik des Dramas, the climax, in the sense of crisis, occurs close to the conclusion of the third act.
Gustav Freytag, Bilder aus der Deutschen Vergangenheit, Vol.
Literarischer Antisemitismus: Untersuchungen zu Gustav Freytag und anderen burgerlichen Schriftstellern des 19.
Private Lives and Collective Destinies: Class, Nation and the Folk in the Works of Gustav Freytag.
A writer who achieves the first but not the second is Gustav Freytag.
Gustav Freytag and the Prussian Gospel: Novels, Liberalism, and History.
Mediating the Past: Gustav Freytag, Progress and German Historical Identity, 1848-1871.