Gustav Husák

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Husák, Gustav

 

Born Jan. 10, 1913. in Dubravka. near Bratislava. Figure in the Czechoslovak communist and workers’ movement; political figure in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Born into a poor peasant family.

In 1937, Husák graduated from the department of law at Komensky University in Bratislava. In 1929 he joined the Komsomol, and in 1933 he joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC). After the CPC was banned (1938) and Czechoslovakia was broken up by fascist Germany, he was engaged in illegal party work and was a member of the underground leadership of the Bratislava organization of the Communist Party of Slovakia (CPS). In 1940–43 he was imprisoned for communist activity. In 1943 he took part in the establishment of the fifth illegal Central Committee of the CPS. on whose initiative the Slovak National Council and other agencies of the Resistance Movement were formed. Husak participated actively in the Slovak National Uprising of 1944. being at that time the elected deputy chairman of the Slovak National Council in charge of internal affairs. In September 1944 he was elected deputy chairman of’the CPS. In the spring of 1945. as head of the Slovakian delegation, he participated in negotiations with Czechoslovak political figures in Moscow. During these talks agreement was reached on the new government of the Czechoslovak Republic and its program. From April 1945 until 1950 he was a member of the Central Committee of the CPC. Between August 1946 and May 1950 he was chairman of the Board of Commissioners (the government) of Slovakia, and during the years 1945–51 he was a deputy to the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Republic. In 1950–51 he was chief of a department of the Central Committee of the CPC. In February 1951 he was subjected to illegal repressions and spent the time until May 1960 in prison. In 1963 he was rehabilitated by a decision of the Central Committee of the CPC and restored to the party. Until 1968 he worked as a research worker at the Institute of State and Law of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. He successfully defended his candidate’s dissertation and in 1964 wrote the book Testimony on the Slovak National Uprising (translated from Slovak, Moscow, 1969). Between April and August of 1968, Husák was deputy chairman of the Government of the Czechoslovak SR; between August 1968 and May 1969 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPS. In August 1968, Husák became a member of the Central Committee of the CPC and of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPC; later he also became a member of the Executive Committee of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPC. Between April 1969 and May 1971 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC; in May 1971 he became general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC. In January 1971 he became chairman of the Central Committee of the National Front of the Czechoslovak SR. Husák headed the delegation of the CPC at the international Conference of Communist and Workers’ Parties (Moscow, June 1969). He is a Hero of the Czechoslovak SR (1969) and has been awarded the Order of Lenin (1969).

WORKS

Izbrannye stat’i i rechi. Moscow, 1969.
Projevy a stati: Duben 1969-Leden 1970. Prague, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the 10th and 11th November 1986, the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Gustav Husak ([section]) took part in the meeting of The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) leaders in Moscow.
Three weeks later, General Secretary of the Party, the President of Czechoslovakia Gustav Husak, opened the 27th meeting of party's Presidium with these words: "We published all Soviet documents.
Para el 28 de noviembre, la jefatura de Partido Comunista anuncio el fin del sistema monopartidista y el 10 de diciembre Gustav Husak renuncio, no sin antes integrar el primer gobierno no comunista desde 1948.
Havel, sent to prison after co-founding the human rights group Charter 77, succeeds orthodox President Gustav Husak, who quit on December 10.
So listen to what happened when Till was nine and met Gustav Husak, the president of Czechoslovakia" (108).
The hapless Czechoslovak hardliner Gustav Husak, still clinging on as Party leader, seemed out of his depth as he followed behind.
He simply sat down and, knowing that he'd likely be imprisoned for his efforts, wrote an open letter to his dictator, Gustav Husak, explaining in painstaking detail just why and how totalitarianism was ruining Czechoslovakia.
Just 40 months after delivering his bolt out of the blue to Gustav Husak, Havel was now breaking down the finer points of a movement that his own open letter forced into the world.
Gustav Husak and his companions, who were brought to power by the Soviet tanks that crushed the Prague Spring in 1968, are now being thrown into the dustbin of history.
Es increible pero en los anos del regimen comunista de Gustav Husak, Checoslovaquia estuvo sumida en un profundo letargo.
But Slovakia's economic `success' was pushed through by a corrupting authoritarian regime under Gustav Husak (himself a Slovak), which stifled civic initiative.
Pero a pesar de que el regimen comunista con Gustav Husak a la cabeza, impuesto luego en el pais, fue mas intransigente que cualquier otro del bloque sovietico y no admitio ningun dialogo con la oposicion politica.