Gustav Klimt

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Klimt, Gustav

(go͝os`täf klĭmt), 1862–1918, Austrian painter. He cofounded the Vienna Secession group, an alliance against 19th-century eclecticism in art, and in 1897 became its first president. In the following decade Klimt became the foremost painter of art nouveauart nouveau
, decorative-art movement centered in Western Europe. It began in the 1880s as a reaction against the historical emphasis of mid-19th-century art, but did not survive World War I.
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 in Vienna. He created many murals for public buildings, e.g., the frieze for the Palais Stoclet, Brussels (1908). Klimt achieved his greatest fame as a portrait and landscape painter of exotic and erotic sensibility. Delineating symbolic themes with extravagant rhythms, Klimt was the quintessential exponent of art nouveau. The Museum of Modern Art and the Neue Galerie, both in New York City, own outstanding examples of his work.


See his catalogue raisonné by F. Novotny and J. Dobai (tr. 1969); C. B. Bailey, Gustav Klimt: Modernism in the Making (2001); S. Koja, ed., Gustav Klimt: Landscapes (2002); M. Bisanz-Prakken, Gustav Klimt: The Magic of Line (2012).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Klimt, Gustav


Born July 14, 1862, in Vienna; died there Feb. 6, 1918. Austrian painter.

Klimt studied at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna from 1875 to 1883. A founder of the Vienna Sezession (1897), he served as its president until 1905. In the style of art nouveau, Klimt painted symbolist compositions, portraits, and landscapes. He subordinated flat images to a refined decorative rhythm and to a fractured pattern of small patches of color (panel for the Vienna Burgtheater, 1888; Portrait of A. Bloch-Bauer, 1907, Austrian Gallery of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Vienna).


Pirchan, E. Gustav Klimt. Vienna [1956].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
O'Brien said: "Gustav Klimt would have learned a lot the last day, travelling over.
The film is based on Anne-Marie O'Connor's 2012 book, The Lady in Gold: The Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimt's Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer (or at least it's based on part of it; the Klimt restitution case comprises just one third of the lengthy historical book).
In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Gustav Klimt's birth, this large, generously illustrated volume helmed by Marian Bisanz-Prakken (curator and Klimt scholar at the Albertina Museum, Vienna) explores the centrality of drawing to Klimt's artistic enterprise through a comprehensive catalogue of the artist's study of the human figure through line.
This article caught my eye simply because it is based on Baby (Cradle), by Gustav Klimt. It opened a pathway for me to introduce him to my second-graders who always love lots of color and pattern.
NEUE GALERIE * May 23-September 2 * Curated by Christian Witt-Dorring Gustav Klimt, Gustav Mahler, and Egon Schiele are now household names, so excavated has the Viennese Secession been this past half century.
Topping the chart for the third year in a row is Gustav Klimt's sensual masterpiece “The Kiss.” Other artists named on the 2013 Valentine's Day Top 10 Romantic Oil Paintings list include Paul Gauguin, Martin Johnson Heade, Edward Hopper, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, John Singer Sargent, and Egon Schiele.
Becoming Van Gogh Timothy Standring and Louis van Tilborgh (Yale, PS35) Gustav Klimt - the Drawings Marian Bisanz-Prakkan (Hirmer, PS45) he career paths of both Vincent Van Gogh and Gustav Klimt were anything but typical.
Gustav Klimt, born on 14 July, 1862 in Baumgarten, near Vienna in Australia, spent his childhood in poverty.
In July, you can sign up for "Modern Vienna" at the Getty Center and learn how to make Viennese pastries, beet salad, and sauerkraut after a tour of Gustav Klimt's paintings.
Lucine, whose work on display includes a textured painting of sunflowers as well as a number of figurative pieces, is inspired by the German expressionist movement, particularly the style of Egon Schiele, a protege of Gustav Klimt.
Summary: Austrian painter Gustav Klimt was known for his admiration of Asian arts and its exotic-looking textiles, as well as its women.
However, Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), the Austrian symbolist/ art nouveau artist best known for his brilliant portrayal of the female form, is most likely to send a nod of approval towards India if he were to know what Delhi-based photographer Rohit Chawla has been inspired to do by his paintings.