Gustav Nachtigal

Also found in: Wikipedia.
Gustav Nachtigal
BirthplaceEichstedt, Kingdom of Prussia
Military surgeon
Commissioner for West Africa
Consul-general for the German Empire
Known for German explorer of Africa
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nachtigal, Gustav


Born Feb. 23, 1834, in Eichstätt, near the city of Stendal, Saxony; died Mar. 20, 1885, on a ship in the Atlantic Ocean, south of the Canary Islands. German military physician, explorer, and colonizer.

From 1869 to 1874, while serving as the Prussian emissary, Nachtigal explored the Tibesti massif, the region of Lake Chad, and the right-bank region of the Shari River. He was the first to explore the Wadai plateau. In 1884, as imperial commissioner, Nachtigal was sent on a gunboat to the Gulf of Guinea, and between July 5 and July 14, 1884, he established a German protectorate over Togoland and Cameroon.


Sahara und Sudan, vols. 1–3. Berlin-Leipzig, 1879–89.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The monograph's centrepiece, however, is a detailed discussion of the travel writing by German nineteenth-century explorers in Africa such as Heinrich Barth, Georg Schweinfurth, Gustav Nachtigal, Gerhart Rohlfs, and Hermann von Wissmann.
He is best known for translating (with his father) Sahara and Sudan, the travel account by Gustav Nachtigal. A by-product of this work was the Fishers' Slavery and Muslim Society in Africa, which was published in 1970.