Gustav Oscar Augustin Montelius

Montelius, Gustav Oscar Augustin


Born Sept. 9, 1843, in Stockholm; died there Nov. 4, 1921. Swedish archaeologist.

Montelius devised a chronological classification of the Neolithic period, the Bronze Age, and the early Iron Age of Europe, based on a typological method he developed. This method, which helps establish the relative and absolute dating of archaeological remains, is still used. However, like some other evolutionist-archaeologists (for example, G. de Mortillet), Montelius held the mistaken belief that material culture and biological organisms develop according to the same laws.


Die Chronologic der ältesten Bronzezeit in Nord-Deutschland und Skandinavien. Braunschweig, 1900.
Kulturgeschichte Schwedens. Leipzig, 1906.
Die vorklassische Chronologie Italiens, 2 vols. Stockholm, 1912.
Die älteren Kulturperioden im Orient und in Europa, 2 vols. Stockholm, 1903–23.