Gustav Suits

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Suits, Gustav


Born Nov. 18 (30), 1883, in the volost (small rural district) of Kastre-Vōnnu, now Tartu Raion; died May 23, 1956, in Stockholm. Estonian poet and literary scholar.

Suits graduated from the University of Helsinki in 1910. Between 1917 and 1919 he was a political activist and member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. From 1921 to 1944 he was a professor at the University of Tartu. Suits was a vocal opponent of fascism. He emigrated to Finland in 1944 and then to Sweden.

Suits was first published in 1899. He was a founder and leader of the literary group Noor-Esti (Young Estonia). Suits’ innovative verse, collected in Fire of Life (1905), Land of Winds (1913), and All a Dream (1922), marked a new stage in the development of Estonian poetry. The last collection of his poetry, Fire and Wind (1950), which was published in Stockholm, reflects the hopelessness of life in a foreign country and shows evidence of anti-Soviet émigré influences. In the field of literary scholarship, Suits specialized in the study of early Estonian literature; his History of Estonian Literature was published in 1953.


Luuletused. Tallinn, 1959.
In Russian translation:
Isbr. stikhotvoreniia, 1900–1930. Tartu, 1935.


Sögel, E. “Gustav Suitsu elu ja luuletajateest.” In his book Kirjandusloo lehekülgedelt. Tallinn, 1963.
Thauvón-Suits, A. Gustav Suitsu noorus. [Lund, 1964.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gustav Suits, Marie Under, Heiti Talvik, Betti Alver, Uku Masing & Aleksis Rannit Kuus eesti luuletajat: Six Estonian Poets Ed.
In the first decade of the new century, the "Young Estonia" literary movement, headed by the poet Gustav Suits (1883 1956), manifested the intention of the Estonian literati to abandon the German models.
Supplied with Harris's foreword, the anthology consists of samples from folk poetry and Kalevipoeg, the leading poetic figures of the first national awakening (Lydia Koidula, 1843 1886, Karl Eduard Soot, 1862 1950), through the solitary Juhan Liiv (1864 1913) and the orientally meditative Ernst Enno (1875 1934) to representatives of the first (Gustav Suits, Marie Under, Henrik Visnapuu) and second generations (Heiti Talvik, Betti Alver, Bernard Kangro) of the Western-oriented currents of poetry, concluding with the promising new diction of Arved Viirlaid.
A selection of Gustav Suits's verse, Flames on the Wind, containing forty-two poems from all his creative periods, appeared in London in 1953.