Gustave Émile Haug

Haug, Gustave Émile


Born June 19, 1861, in Drusenheim, Bas-Rhin; died Aug. 29, 1927, in Niederbronn, Bas-Rhin. French geologist. Member of the French Academy of Sciences (1917) and professor at the University of Paris (from 1904).

Haug’s principal works were devoted to tectonics, stratigraphy, paleontology, and regional geology (the Alps and Provence). Haug adhered to the theories of earth contraction (compression) and isostasy, and his major contribution is in the theory of geosynclines. Haug supported the concept that geologic processes develop cyclically by sequential repetition from one geologic cycle to another. In examining the developmental history of geosynclines and platforms (continental areas), he attempted to prove that regressions in geosynclines corresponded in time to marine transgressions on continental areas and vice versa (Haug’s law). His textbook is well known and has helped raise the level of the teaching of geology in many countries. Haug was a corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1909).


Traité de géologie, [vols.] 1–2. Paris, 1907–11.
“Les Géosynclinaux et les aires continentales.” Bulletin de la société géologique de France: 3 série, 1900, vol. 28, pp. 617–711.
In Russian translation:
Geologiia, 7th ed., vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.


[Pavlov, A. P.] “Emil’ Og” (obituary). Izv. AN SSSR: Otdelenie fiz.-mat. nauk, 1929, no. 1, pp. 1–6.