Gustave Lanson


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lanson, Gustave

 

Born Aug. 5, 1857, in Orléans; died Dec. 15, 1934, in Paris. French literary critic.

Lanson was a professor at the Sorbonne (from 1900) and at the Ecole Normale Supérieure. He was the author of such monographs as Nivelle de la Chaussée et la comédie larmoyante (1887), Boileau (1892), Corneille (1898), and Voltaire (1906), written in the tradition of the cultural-historical school of literary criticism.

Lanson’s major work, The History of French Literature (1894; Russian translation, vols. 1–2, 1896–98), is rich in factual material, presenting descriptions of the times, discussions of the writers’ style and language, and biographical and bibliographical commentaries. It treats the history of French literature by genres. A valuable supplement to the history is The Bibliographical Guide to Modern French Literature, 1500–1900 (vols. 1–4, 1909–12). G. V. Plekhanov criticized Lanson’s History of French Literature: The Nineteenth Century from a Marxist viewpoint, but noted that it “was written with unquestionable knowledge by an intelligent and serious man” (Literatura i estetika, vol. 2, Moscow, 1958, p. 598).

WORKS

Essais de méthode, de critique et d’histoire littéraire. Paris [1965].
In Russian translation:
Metod ν istorii literatury. Moscow, 1911.

REFERENCES

Simon, K. R. Istoriia inostrannoi bibliografii. Moscow, 1963.
Leguay, P. Universitaires d’aujourd’hui. Paris, 1912.
Mélanges offerts à G. Lanson. Paris, 1922. (Bibliography.)

V. S. LOZOVETSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
reflexoes de Gustave Lanson, adverte que foi o pensamento rousseauniano
Gustave Lanson. Paralelo ao apelo ao subjetivismo, e certo que a
La seconde partie traite de Gustave Lanson (1857-1934), figure que Fraisse caracterise de <<codificateur de l'histoire litteraire>>.
An interesting line is developed by contrasting the work of Henri Gregoire and Jean-Francois La Harpe, who are concerned with relations between language and Revolution, with later Hegelian thinkers, Hippolyte Taine and Gustave Lanson. This is followed by a chapter on Charles Peguy, who, thinking about modernity, opposes the historicism of Lanson and the scientism of Taine, turning the idea of linear succession on its head, by suggesting that the only continuity in history may be the succession of erroneous thinking about continuity.
Janc cite notamment Ernest Dupuy, Edmond Huguet, Paul de Saint-Victor, Charles Constans, Paul et Victor Glachant, Auguste Rochette, Maurice Souriau, Georges Lote, Fernand Gregh et Gustave Lanson alors que les etudes plus recentes, qui auraient merite un traitement plus appreciable, n'y figurent que sous la forme de quelques rares references aux travaux de Jean Gaudon (329), d'Yves Gohin (318, 320, 338), de Jean Massin (310, 318, 328) et d'Anne Ubersfeld (306, 308).
Parmi les plus importants, on retrouve un compte-rendu de La Recherche de l'Absolu par Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve pour la Revue des Deux Mondes (65-79); une longue etude a la fois biographique et analytique d'Hippolyte Taine (195-245); l'article "Balzac" redige par Pierre Larousse pour son Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siecle (261-82); sans oublier les analyses des inevitables Gustave Lanson, sur le style et la correspondance de Balzac (319-35) ainsi qu'une preface aux Chouans (447-50), et Emile Faguet, sur le regain de popularite dont jouit l'ecrivain a la fin du dix-neuvieme siecle (351-66).