catgut

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catgut

or

gut,

cord made from the intestines of various animals (especially sheep and horses, but not cats). The membrane is chemically treated, and slender strands are woven together into cords of great strength, which are used for stringing musical instruments such as the violin and the harp. Roman strings, imported from Italy, are considered the best for musical instruments. Catgut is also used for stringing tennis rackets and for some surgical sutures.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Catgut

 

cord made from the intestines of small cattle; a surgical sewing material. Catgut is used for internal sutures and for ligating blood vessels during operations. Catgut sutures are sometimes used externally under plaster casts. Catgut is absorbed by the tissues after seven to 30 days. [12–191–]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

catgut

[′kat‚gət]
(materials)
A thin cord made from the submucosa of sheep and other animal intestine; used for sutures and ligatures, for strings of musical instruments, and for tennis racket strings. Also known as gut.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the first "aha" moments for Huggett came when she picked up a violin with gut strings instead of the steel-wound strings common on contemporary violins.
A metal lawn tennis racquet (below) with gut strings (which may be a later addition) has come to light bearing the trade symbol Premier made by the Coventry company Hillman, Herbert and Cooper.
If paper was expensive, the cost of gut strings was simply extortionary.
I was amused that the maker of the bass gut strings merited a mention equal to those of the instrument makers.
Gut strings on a Stradivarius cello - a special treat - from Steven Isserlis on his performance of Schumann's Cello Concerto.
A We play with very little vibrato, and the gut strings and bows have a very earthy, physical and immediate character.
They're gut strings tied to leather around a fretless round neck.
The difference wasn't a matter of historically informed performing style - gut strings, lower pitch and less vibrato - but of phrasing, shaping and rubato.
Textures come up bright and clear under Francois-Xavier Roth's conducting of the sparky Les Siecles orchestra, with gut strings so strikingly forward -- and, paradoxically, liberating the winds, not least grunting bassoons, as well as roaring timpani and well-focused brass, to sound so immediate.