Guttiferae


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Guttiferae

[gə′tif·ə‚rē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Theales characterized by extipulate leaves and conspicuous secretory canals or cavities in all organs.

Guttiferae

 

(also Clusiaceae), a family of dicotyledonous plants closely related to the family Hypericaceae, with which it is often united. They are evergreen trees and bushes with entire leaves that are opposite or whorled. Only rarely are the leaves alternate. There are approximately 550 species, growing almost exclusively in the tropics. Many tropical species are of great practical value. Some species, such as the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) and the mammee (Mammea americana), yield edible fruits. Other species are valued for their wood, including the rose chestnut (Mesua férrea) and species of the genus Calophyllum. Plants of several genera, such as Garcinia and Calophyllum, are tapped for gum resins, balsams, and other gums, including gamboge. Oils are extracted from the seeds of some species, for example, Pentadesma butyracea and Allanblackia oleífera.

References in periodicals archive ?
Guttiferae. Lista das plantas vasculares de Catoles, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil.
Hay pocas dudas de que las familias dominantes en generos y especies son, primero, la Leguminosae, con generos como Lonchocarpus, Inga, Eritrina, Ormosia, Cassia, Dialium, Diplotropis, Macrolobium, Parkia, Pithecellobium, Pterocarpus, Sclerolobium y Bauhinia, entre otros; segundo, la Rubiaceae, con generos como Psychotria, Palicourea, Duroia, Faramea; tercero, la Melastomataceae, con generos como Abdelbotrys, Bellucia, Miconia, Mouriri, Clidemia y Tococa; y en cuarto lugar, la Guttiferae, con generos como Vismia, Calophylum, Clusia, Caraipa, Oedematopus, Tovomita y otros, algunos de los cuales contienen especies estranguladoras.
Floracao sincronica e sistemas reprodutivos em quatro especies de Kielmeyera Mart (Guttiferae).
MORACEAE ramon Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess GUTTIFERAE bari Carya ovata (Mill.)K.
The Burley-and-Lee 351 tree was determined to belong to a species of Calophyllum, a group of species belonging to the mangosteen family, or Guttiferae. Collectors were dispatched to Lundu a second time to obtain more material from the same tree, with the aim of isolating and chemically identifying the HIV inhibitor.
The 28 rare species of plant that occur in the Tassili N-'Ajjer Biosphere Reserve include endemic species such as Potamogeton hoggariensis (Potamogetonaceae), Silene hoggariensis (Caryophyl-laceae), Lupinus tassilicus (Leguminosae), and Senecio hoggariensis (Asteraceae), and others such as Ficus ingens (Moraceae), Bergia suffruticosa (Elati-naceae), Hypericum psilophyton (Guttiferae), and Phagnalon garamantum (Asteraceae).
The ten best-represented plant families are Dipterocarpaceae, with 40 species, Euphorbiaceae 36 species, Rubiaceae 35 species, Myrtaceae 26 species, Fabaceae 21 species, Lauraceae 20 species, Melastomataceae 20 species, Guttiferae 19 species, Moraceae 14 species, and Arecaceae 14 species.
However, the small, tricolporate and reticulate pollen grains of many Scrophulariaceae were difficult to separate from those of Hypericum (Guttiferae), some Leguminosae, Solanaceae, and Zygophyllaceae.
Furocoumarins are found in natural plant extracts belonging to angiosperm families, formerly used in popular medicine: for example, angelicin is present in Angelica archangelica (Apiaceae), allopsoralen in Mammea americana (Guttiferae), and psoralens in Psoralea corylifolia (Leguminosae) and Amni majus (Apiaceae) [4-6].
Las familias arboreas predominantes son: Lauraceae, Melastomataceae, Guttiferae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae y Podocarpaceae.
[Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)] in Southeast Asia, and gambogic acid (GA, Fig.
Anders (Guttiferae) is also known as asam gelugor' in Malaysia.