Guienne

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Guienne,

Fr. Guyenne (both: gēĕn`, gwē–), region of SW France. The name referred to different territories at different times. Guienne as it existed from the time of Henry IV (late 16th–early 17th cent.) to the French Revolution covered the present departments of Gironde, Dordogne, Lot, Lot-et-Garonne, and Aveyron and most of Tarn-et-Garonne. It thus had no geographic unity and included part of the Aquitaine basin and part of the Massif CentralMassif Central
[Fr.,=central highlands], great mountainous plateau, c.33,000 sq mi (85,470 sq km), S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.
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. BordeauxBordeaux
, city (1990 pop. 213,274), capital of Gironde dept., SW France, on the Garonne River. Bordeaux is a major economic and cultural center, and a busy port accessible to oceangoing ships from the Atlantic through the Gironde River.
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 is the historical capital, the chief port, and the center of the wine industry. Guienne was synonymous with AquitaineAquitaine
, Lat. Aquitania, former duchy and kingdom in SW France. Julius Caesar conquered the Aquitani, an Iberian people of SW Gaul, in 56 B.C. The province that he created occupied the territory between the Garonne River and the Pyrenees; under Roman rule it was
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 until the Hundred Years War (1337–1453). It passed to England through the marriage (1152) of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry II. In 1453, Guienne was reconquered by France. To its main components—Bordelais, PérigordPérigord
, region of SW France, now included in Dordogne and parts of Lot-et-Garonne depts. Périgueux (the capital) and Bergerac are the chief cities. The region consists of low, arid limestone plateaus, the deep and fertile valleys of the Lot and Dordogne rivers,
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, and Agenois (see AgenAgen
, town (1990 pop. 32,223), capital of Lot-et-Garonne dept., SW France, on the Garonne River, in Guienne. It is an agricultural marketplace in the center of a fruit-growing region and an industrial center where food products, clothing, agricultural machinery, bicycles,
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)—two former dependencies of Toulouse were added, QuercyQuercy
, region and former county, SW France, now divided between Lot and Tarn-et-Garonne depts. Cahors is the chief city. It consists of arid limestone plateaus (causses), cut by fertile valleys of the Lot, Dordogne, and Aveyron rivers.
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 and RouergueRouergue
, region of S France, in the S Massif Central, coextensive with the present Aveyron dept. Rodez, the historic capital, and Millau are the chief towns. One of the most mountainous areas of France, it is traversed by the Aveyron, Tarn, and other rivers, which form many
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. From the 17th cent. to 1792 it formed part of the vast province of Guienne and Gascony under the jurisdiction of the parlementparlement
, in French history, the chief judicial body under the ancien régime. The parlement consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes
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 of Bordeaux. The birth of the lyric poetry of the troubadourstroubadours
, aristocratic poet-musicians of S France (Provence) who flourished from the end of the 11th cent. through the 13th cent. Many troubadours were noblemen and crusader knights; some were kings, e.g.
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 occurred in Guienne (11th–12th cent.).

Guienne

, Guyenne
a former province of SW France: formed, with Gascony, the duchy of Aquitaine during the 12th century
References in periodicals archive ?
Carrefour said the move would strengthen its ties with Guyenne et Gascogne, while allowing it to enhance its market presence in a growing domestic region.
Carrefour and Guyenne et Gas-cogne have a relationship dating back over four decades.
Jeanne committed herself to "the process of extending her Reformed discipline into regions of Guyenne which she claimed were under her authority" (David Bryson, Queen Jeanne and the Promised Land (Leiden: Brill, 1999), 157).
The chapter recounting the clashes between the Bordelais basoche (young lawyers-in-training and lesser officials associated with the Parlement of Bordeaux) through their Confraternity of Saint-Yves and the Protestant-inclined students of that city's College de Guyenne is fascinating.
The dog's owner took it for walks all around the region including Hostens, Gironde, Perigueux Festival in the Dordogne, a street festival in Miramont de Guyenne and the music festival in Libourne.
Con su permiso, mi senora es lady Claire d'Eltham, y ha enviudado recientemente de sir Geoffrey d'Eltham, noble con extensas propiedades en Guyenne y Middlesex.
The three compression units for Roussines are designed to strengthen the Guyenne Artery, which carries gas between the north and south of France.
Noblesse et art de vivre en Guyenne au XVIIIe siecle.
En fait, la majorite de la communaute des libraires de la capitale de Guyenne participait de pres ou de loin, surtout a partir des annees 1740, a ces activites transatlantiques, bien que la faible activite editoriale de la ville, oblige cependant ces commercants a s'approvisionner a Paris(40).
His fluency in Latin intimated the faculty at the College de Guyenne, Where Latin and Greek were studied.
Des les annees 1930, apparaissent des chantiers forestiers cooperatifs, auxquels feront echo l'experience communautaire de Guyenne, que l'ouvrage evoque a maintes reprises, et, plus recemment, des entreprises sous controle local comme Tembec et ARDA.