Gwilt, Joseph

Gwilt, Joseph

(gwĭlt), 1784–1863, British architect, archaeologist, and writer, known chiefly for his Encyclopaedia of Architecture, Historical, Theoretical, and Practical (8 vol., 1842). Among his other books are Sciography; or, Examples of Shades and Shadows, with Rules for Their Projection (1822); an edition of Sir William ChambersChambers, Sir William,
1723–96, English architect, b. Gothenburg, Sweden. He traveled extensively in the East Indies and in China making drawings of gardens and buildings, many of which were later published.
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's Treatise on the Decorative Part of Civil Architecture, with annotations (1825); a translation of VitruviusVitruvius
(Marcus Vitruvius Pollio) , fl. late 1st cent. B.C. and early 1st cent. A.D., Roman writer, engineer, and architect for the Emperor Augustus. In his one extant work, De architectura (c.40 B.C., tr.
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 (1826); and Elements of Architectural Criticism (1837).
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