Gwin, William McKendree

Gwin, William McKendree,

1805–85, American politician, b. Sumner co., Tenn. He received (1828) a degree in medicine from Transylvania Univ. and practiced in Clinton, Miss., until 1833. He represented Mississippi in the U.S. House of Representatives (1841–43) and went to California in 1849. There he threw himself into the movement for statehood and was an outstanding leader in the state constitutional convention. One of the first U.S. senators from California (1850–55, 1857–61) and chief spokesman for the slavery interests there, he became involved in several battles with his ambitious antislavery rival, David C. BroderickBroderick, David Colbreth
, 1820–59, American politician, b. Washington, D.C. Brought up in New York City, he was active in Tammany Hall before moving to California in 1849.
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. During the Civil War, Gwin was imprisoned several times as a Southern sympathizer. In 1863 he went to France where he won the support of Napoleon IIINapoleon III
(Louis Napoleon Bonaparte), 1808–73, emperor of the French (1852–70), son of Louis Bonaparte (see under Bonaparte, family), king of Holland. Early Life
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 for a scheme to colonize N Mexico with settlers from the Confederacy, but his plans were thwarted by the opposition of Emperor MaximilianMaximilian,
1832–67, emperor of Mexico (1864–67). As the Austrian archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, he was denied a share in the imperial government by his reactionary brother, Emperor Francis Joseph.
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See biography by L. Thomas (1969).

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