Gypsophila(redirected from Gypsophylla)
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Gypsophila(jĭpsŏf`ələ): see pinkpink,
common name for some members of the Caryophyllaceae, a family of small herbs found chiefly in north temperate zones (especially the Mediterranean area) but with several genera indigenous to south temperate zones and high altitudes of tropical mountains.
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a genus of plants of the family Caryophyl-laceae. They are perennial or annual, often branched herbs (rarely small semishrubs) with small flowers. There are about 120 species in the temperate zone of the Old World and in Australia (one species). In the USSR there are about 70 species, growing mainly in the Caucasus and in Middle Asia. A widespread species, G. paniculata, forms spherical shrubs (tum-bleweed). The roots of this and several other species, contain up to 20 percent of saponins and are known as white soap root. They are used for washing wool and silk. The species G. elegans and G. paniculata are cultivated as ornamentals. The species G. areti-oides, growing in southern Transcaucasia, Turkmenia, and Iran, forms firm cushions up to 2 m in diameter and weighing up to 150 kg.