Horn, Gyula

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Horn, Gyula,

1932–2013, Hungarian political leader, b. Budapest, grad. Don Rostov College, Russia. In 1956 he joined Hungary's Communist party and helped crush the anti-Soviet uprising. He worked in the finance and then (1959) the foreign ministry, was a diplomat in Bulgaria and Romania, and became foreign minister in 1989. A pragmatic reformer, Horn worked throughout the 1970s and 80s to liberalize the Communist party. In 1989 he and his Austrian counterpart cut the barbed-wire fence on their countries' border, a televised act that encouraged East Germans to flee to West Germany via Hungary and Austria and contributed to the collapse of Communist rule in Eastern Europe. Horn helped transform Hungary's Communist party into the Socialist party and became party leader in 1990. A member of parliament from 1990 to 2010, he was prime minister of a coalition government from 1994 to 1998 that embraced free-market policies.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Prime Minister Gyula Horn says 80 per cent of crime in Hungary is linked to foreigners.
Both Socialist Prime Minister Mr Gyula Horn and parliamentary elections challenger Mr Viktor Orban are firmly committed to democracy and the free market.
Our prime minister, Gyula Horn, was foreign minister in the pre-1989 government that once staked its entire being on that small celestial token of socialist solidarity with Mother Russia.
Forty years ago, Gyula Horn was a slight man of 24 dressed in a trenchcoat, carrying a revolver and assisting the Soviet occupation forces in hunting down supporters of the vanquished Hungarian revolution - many of whom were subsequently hanged.
Under great pressure from the EU and NATO, Prime Ministers Vladimir Meciar and Gyula Horn signed a bilateral state treaty on Good Neighborly Relations and Friendly Cooperation in March 1995, aimed at resolving disputes concerning borders and minority rights.
So in April I talked to Imre Pozsgay, the Bishop of Seged and to Gyula Horn, then foreign minister (and doing alright today - he is prime minister).
It was dispiriting to the utmost to see Budapest's Foreign Minister, Gyula Horn, return from an honorable visit to Rumania Libera only to greet the Foreign Minister of South Africa.