Gyula Szekfu

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Szekfű, Gyula


Born May 23, 1883, in Székesfehérvár; died June 29, 1955, in Budapest. Hungarian historian and political figure. Professor at the University of Budapest from 1925.

Szekfű was strongly influenced by L. Ranke, W. Dilthey, and F. Meinecke. He was the founder of the spiritual-historical school in Hungarian bourgeois historiography, which denied the revolutionary traditions of Hungarian history and advocated the idea of conservative development in the spirit of a Christian community.

Toward the end of World War II (1939–45), Szekfű realized the great danger that faced Hungary from German fascism. In 1944 he established contact with representatives of the Communist Party and other patriotic parties of Hungary and joined the antifascist struggle. Szekfű served as Hungarian ambassador to the USSR from 1946 to 1948 and as a member of the Presidium of the Hungarian People’s Republic in 1954 and 1955. His work After the Revolution (1947) reflects his attempt to critically review from a democratic position his former views.


Magyar történet, vols. 1–8. Budapest, 1928–34. (With B. Hóman.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
L'esempio di Jozsef Mindszenty e di Gyula Szekfu; Andras Fejerdy, Strategie della Santa Sede per la copertura delle sedi episcopali in Ungheria tra il 1945 e il 1964.
But Lukacs learned his craft from many other writers, such as the great and controversial Hungarian historian (who never was his teacher at the university in Budapest), Gyula Szekfu, who impressed the future American historian because he did not restrict his books to political history alone; in describing a period and problem he went into social and other facts and illustrations, meaning verbal illustrations.