Hof

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Hof

(hōf), city (1994 pop. 52,720), Bavaria, E central Germany, on the Saale River, near the Czech border. The city's industries produce textiles, beer, and machinery. Hof was first mentioned in the early 13th cent. and in 1373 passed to the Hohenzollern burgraviate of Nuremburg. It went to Bavaria in 1810 and was included in Upper FranconiaFranconia
, Ger. Franken, historic region and one of the five basic or stem duchies of medieval Germany, S Germany. The region was included in the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia, becoming in the 9th cent. a duchy and the center of the East Frankish (or East German) kingdom.
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. Fire destroyed most of the city's historical buildings in 1823, but many have since been reconstructed. Among its points of interest are two churches, the Lorenzkirche (11th cent.) and the Michaelskirche (c.1230). From 1945 until German reunification in 1990, Hof was a significant border checkpoint between East and West Germany.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hof

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land of Bavaria; situated at the headwaters of the Saale River. Population, 54,800 (1975). Hof is a transportation junction. It has a textile industry that primarily produces wool. The city also manufactures knitwear, hardware, pottery, beer, and machinery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.