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a town and railroad station in Bavaria on the left bank of the Danube.
On Aug. 13, 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14), near the town of Höchstadt an Anglo-Austrian army of 48,000 troops (by other accounts, 58,000) and 52 guns under the command of Prince Eugene of Savoy and the Duke of Marlborough defeated a Franco-Bavarian army of about 47,000 troops (by other accounts, about 60,000) and about 90 guns under the command of the French marshals Tallard and Marsin and the Bavarian elector Maximilian. The English and Austrians lost between 12,000 and 13,000 troops; the French and Bavarians lost between 20,000 and 28,000. The Anglo-Austrian army failed to follow up its victory with pursuit, and the Franco-Bavarian army succeeded in crossing the Danube and regrouping with reserves, which resulted in a prolongation of the war. In English sources, the battle of Hóchstädt is referred to as the battle of Blenheim.