HAL


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Hal:

see HalleHalle
, Fr. Hal, commune (1991 pop. 32,758), Flemish Brabant prov., central Belgium, on the Charleroi-Brussels Canal. It is a commercial and industrial center. Manufactures include textiles, carpets, and iron and steel products.
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, Belgium.
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HAL

(computer)
HAL 9000, the murdering computer on the spaceship in the science fiction classic "2001, A Space Odyssey" by Arthur C. Clark.

"HAL" is "IBM" with each letter changed to the one before and there is an unconfirmed rumour that 9000 is the sum of the various IBM computer numbers that were in service at the time. However, in the sequel "2010", Clarke emphatically denies that HAL's name is supposed to be "one step ahead of IBM". It is, rather, short for "heuristic algorithm".

HAL

(operating system)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

HAL

(1) An interface between hardware and software. See hardware abstraction layer.

(2) (Heuristic/ALgorithmic) The name of the computer that took over command of the spaceship in Stanley Kubrick's famous film "2001: A Space Odyssey." Each letter in H-A-L precedes the letters I-B-M. When the movie was released in 1968, IBM controlled almost every aspect of the computer industry; however, the HAL-IBM connection was supposedly a coincidence.
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References in classic literature ?
Hal Winters, his fellow employee, was a young fellow.
But this is not the story of Windpeter Winters nor yet of his son Hal who worked on the Wills farm with Ray Pearson.
Hal was the worst of the lot and always up to some devilment.
Hal went to work on the Wills farm because there was a country school teacher out that way who had taken his fancy.
And so these two men, Ray and Hal, were at work in a field on a day in the late October.
As though understanding his thoughts, Hal Win- ters spoke up.
The hair hung down, limp and draggled, or matted with dried blood where Hal's club had bruised him.
Hal had traded off his revolver, so he took the axe and knocked Billee on the head as he lay in the traces, then cut the carcass out of the harness and dragged it to one side.
With the dogs falling, Mercedes weeping and riding, Hal swearing innocuously, and Charles's eyes wistfully watering, they staggered into John Thornton's camp at the mouth of White River.
"They told us up above that the bottom was dropping out of the trail and that the best thing for us to do was to lay over," Hal said in response to Thornton's warning to take no more chances on the rotten ice.
"That's because you're not a fool, I suppose," said Hal. "All the same, we'll go on to Dawson." He uncoiled his whip.
Hal Clayton dropped off pretty soon, but I didn't; I wasn't ever so wide awake in my life.