He said that although Pakistan does not manufacture any of the Ozone Depleting Substances, the country has a strict regulatory regime to check imports of these substances, with a system of licensing and quotas for import of HCFCs
He highlighted that although Pakistan does not manufacture any of the Ozone Depleting Substances, the country has a strict regulatory regime to check imports of these substances, with a system of licensing and quotas for import of HCFCs
were introduced in the 1990s as alternative chemicals for CFCs and added to the list of substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol.
It is great pride for Pakistan that at the 76th meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund held 9-13 May, 2016 in Montreal, the second stage of the HCFC
Phase-out Management Plan for Pakistan was approved with a total funding of US$ 5.
Issues like implementation of 2012 HS Codes for HCFCs
and data feeding in Web Based One Customs (WeBOC) system in customs to automatically control the imports of HCFC
were also discussed on the occasion.
The World Bank's Global Environment Coordination and its Ozone Operations Resource Group have been studying alternatives for CFCs and HCFCs
including those used as halons, solvents, aerosols, refrigerants, mobile air-conditioning, foam blowing and chemical production.
Bahrain also plans to reduce HCFCs
by 10pc in 2015, by 67.
As per the Montreal Protocol, HCFC
substances are ozone depleting substances whose manufacturing and consuming should be phased out over the next twenty years.
are commonly used as substitutes for CFCs in the foam blowing, refrigeration, fire-extinguishing, solvent and servicing sectors.
Refrigerants like CFCs, HCFCs
and HFCs are potent greenhouse gases.
The loading level of HCFCs
was 10 wt% with the injection pressure around 4.
They used a computer model to show how HCFCs
could form oxalic acid via a series of chemical reactions high in the atmosphere.