hand, foot, and mouth disease

(redirected from HFMD)
Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

hand, foot, and mouth disease

(HFMD), infectious viral disease that most commonly occurs in children under five years of age. Symptoms include fever, poor appetite, and a sore throat, followed by painful sores in the mouth and a skin rash on the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and sometimes the elbows, knees, or buttocks. The rash may develop into blisters. Dehydration may occur, especially in the very young, because drinking can be painful; in rare cases, viral meningitis or encephalitis may result. There is no treatment for the disease except to alleviate the symptoms. Typically caused by a coxsackievirus or enterovirus, HFMD is normally transmitted through contact with a patient's saliva, mucus, or feces or surfaces contaminated by these. The disease usually develops within a week of exposure to the virus, and lasts for a week to ten days. HFMD is not related to foot-and-mouth diseasefoot-and-mouth disease
or hoof-and-mouth disease,
highly contagious disease almost exclusive to cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and other cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by a virus, specifically an aphthovirus, that was identified in 1897.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which infects cloven-hoofed animals.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
"I have seen 20 to 25 cases of HFMD in the last couple of months.
A prospective, randomized, controlled, and multicenter trial was conducted during the HFMD epidemic between May and August 2010 at five medical sites in China.
To identify the viral etiology of HFMD from each child in our recruited population, 60 children with EV71-mediated HFMD were identified by one-step real-time RT-PCR assay for at least one of clinical samples from throat swabs, stools, rectal swabs, vesicular swabs, or CSF.
There are several types of analytical models that are valuable to understand and predict transmission of HFMD. One is the statistical models which can help us find novel information concerning pathogen detection and some probable coinfection factors in HFMD and have been applied to understand HFMD's spatiotemporal transmission and discover the relationship between HFMD occurrence and climate [2-11,14,15].
Most deaths in HFMD occur as a result of pulmonary oedema or haemorrhage.
The department added that of the eight HFMD cases, six tested positive for the screening test.
HFMD has become a very serious problem in China, some other Asian countries and other areas in recent years given that no vaccine and specific treatment is currently available to protect against this disease.
HFMD was made a legally notifiable disease in Singapore, during the EV71-associated outbreak in 2000 that caused more than 70 deaths in children across Asia, including seven deaths in children in Singapore.
HFMD is a different disease than foot-and-mouth disease of cattle, sheep, and swine.
We investigated these subgenogroups to inform development of intervention strategies and guide public health authorities in response to HFMD outbreaks.
Labuan Health Department is on high alert of imported hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) spreading to the children in the duty-free island here, as the school term begins next month.