hand, foot, and mouth disease

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hand, foot, and mouth disease

(HFMD), infectious viral disease that most commonly occurs in children under five years of age. Symptoms include fever, poor appetite, and a sore throat, followed by painful sores in the mouth and a skin rash on the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and sometimes the elbows, knees, or buttocks. The rash may develop into blisters. Dehydration may occur, especially in the very young, because drinking can be painful; in rare cases, viral meningitis or encephalitis may result. There is no treatment for the disease except to alleviate the symptoms. Typically caused by a coxsackievirus or enterovirus, HFMD is normally transmitted through contact with a patient's saliva, mucus, or feces or surfaces contaminated by these. The disease usually develops within a week of exposure to the virus, and lasts for a week to ten days. HFMD is not related to foot-and-mouth diseasefoot-and-mouth disease
or hoof-and-mouth disease,
highly contagious disease almost exclusive to cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and other cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by a virus, specifically an aphthovirus, that was identified in 1897.
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, which infects cloven-hoofed animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Al Ansari, adding: "Those infected with the viruses that cause HFMD may not experience all the symptoms of the disease.
There is also no specific antiviral therapy available to treat HFMD.
After the first five cases were identified, steps were taken to limit spread and minimize lost training days by providing education about the signs and symptoms of HFMD and the importance of seeking care if symptoms developed.
Earlier, WHO said that HFMD must not be confused with foot-and-mouth disease as the latter is caused by a different virus and affects cattle, sheep, and pigs.
HFMD is a common infectious disease caused by a group of enteroviruses, including Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and Enterovirus 71 (EV71).
Since most HFMD symptoms resemble those of chickenpox, another contagious viral infection, many parents can be easily misled, warn experts.
A large outbreak of HFMD infected about 35,000 people and killed 17 in China's Hunan province in June 2012.
HFMD is believed to be a benign and self-limiting disease, and it is mostly seen in young children.
HFMD, as the usually mild disease is also known, is characterized by fever, painful mouth sores, and a rash with blisters on hands, feet and buttocks.
On Friday, Ona, announced that the based on the results done on eight suspected HFMD patients reported to the DOH from July 10-14, one was confirmed for be a case of EV-71.