H. G. Wells

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Wells, H. G.

(Herbert George Wells), 1866–1946, English author. Although he is probably best remembered for his works of science fiction, he was also an imaginative social thinker, working assiduously to remove all vestiges of Victorian social, moral, and religious attitudes from 20th-century life. He was apprenticed to a draper at 14 and was later able through grants and scholarships to attend the Univ. of London (grad. 1888). Inspired by the teaching of T. H. HuxleyHuxley, Thomas Henry,
1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England.
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, Wells taught biology until 1893, when he began his career as a novelist. Extremely prolific, he was to write more than 100 books. His early novels and best-known books, the so-called scientific romances, are works of science fiction, full of fantasy and fascinating pseudoscientific speculations, and exemplifying the political and social beliefs of his time. They include The Time Machine (1895), The Wonderful Visit (1895), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).

In the novels of his middle period Wells turned from the fantastic to the realistic, delineating with great energy and color the world he lived in. These books, considered his finest achievement, include Kipps (1905), Tono-Bungay (1909), Ann Veronica (1909), The History of Mr. Polly (1910), and Mr. Britling Sees It Through (1916). His later books are primarily novels of ideas in which he sets forth his view of the plans and concessions individuals must make in order to survive. Included among these final works, which became increasingly pessimistic as Wells aged, are The World of William Clissold (1926), The Shape of Things to Come (1933), World Brain (1938), and Mind at the End of Its Tether (1945). His other works include the immensely popular Outline of History (1920) and The Science of Life (1929), which was written in collaboration with his son G. P. Wells and Julian Huxley.


See his Experiment in Autobiography (1934); biographies by L. Dickson (1969), N. and J. MacKenzie (1973), and M. Sherborne (2010); studies by F. McConnell (1981), J. Huntington (1982), J. R. Hammond (1988), and D. Smith (1988).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Eleanor Tomlinson, as Amy, and Rafe Spall, as George, in the new BBC adaptation of HG Wells' classic story, The War of The Worlds, being filmed in Liverpool Picture: MATT SQUIRE /Mammoth Screen/ BBC
And it is here, after being asked to adapt the HG Wells novel by Northern Stage director Elayce Ismail, that she decided to set War of the Worlds.
Novelist HG Wells predicted a similar gloomy outcome for humanity in his novel The Time Machine.
1934: Author HG Wells predicted there would be a major world war by 1940.
Film-makers were spotted building a film set in Ainsdale for the three-part TV version of HG Wells' sci-fi classic.
On the heels of the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Magna Carta comes another literary treasure - part of the original manuscript of The Time Machine, the pioneering sci-fi novel by HG Wells.
BORN HG Wells, English author, 1866 LEONARD Cohen, US musician, 1934 BILL Murray, US film actor, 1950, above DIED FLORENCE Griffith Joyner, US athlete, 1998, above JACO Pastorious, US bass player, 1987 BOZ Burrell, UK rock musician, 2006
The tripod-shaped aliens by artist Henrique Alvim Correa were used to illustrate a rare 500-copy edition of HG Wells' tale in 1906.
FIRST MEN IN THE MOON Film4 1.05PM PREMIERE Lionel Jeffries and Edward Judd star in a slapstick version of HG Wells' Victorian rocket fantasy, with moon monsters courtesy of Ray Harryhausen's 'miracle of the screen' - Dynamation!
War Of The Worlds @ CIA, Cardiff (Tuesday-Wednesday) "OOLLLAAAAAA!" That's the war cry of the Martian fighting machines in Jeff Wayne's musical version of the HG Wells book about an alien invasion of Earth.
London, September 21 (ANI): The meaning behind Google's adoption of bizarre logos on its home page has been revealed-they were a tribute to renowned English author HG Wells, born 143 years ago.