H. G. Wells

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Wells, H. G.

(Herbert George Wells), 1866–1946, English author. Although he is probably best remembered for his works of science fiction, he was also an imaginative social thinker, working assiduously to remove all vestiges of Victorian social, moral, and religious attitudes from 20th-century life. He was apprenticed to a draper at 14 and was later able through grants and scholarships to attend the Univ. of London (grad. 1888). Inspired by the teaching of T. H. HuxleyHuxley, Thomas Henry,
1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England.
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, Wells taught biology until 1893, when he began his career as a novelist. Extremely prolific, he was to write more than 100 books. His early novels and best-known books, the so-called scientific romances, are works of science fiction, full of fantasy and fascinating pseudoscientific speculations, and exemplifying the political and social beliefs of his time. They include The Time Machine (1895), The Wonderful Visit (1895), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).

In the novels of his middle period Wells turned from the fantastic to the realistic, delineating with great energy and color the world he lived in. These books, considered his finest achievement, include Kipps (1905), Tono-Bungay (1909), Ann Veronica (1909), The History of Mr. Polly (1910), and Mr. Britling Sees It Through (1916). His later books are primarily novels of ideas in which he sets forth his view of the plans and concessions individuals must make in order to survive. Included among these final works, which became increasingly pessimistic as Wells aged, are The World of William Clissold (1926), The Shape of Things to Come (1933), World Brain (1938), and Mind at the End of Its Tether (1945). His other works include the immensely popular Outline of History (1920) and The Science of Life (1929), which was written in collaboration with his son G. P. Wells and Julian Huxley.


See his Experiment in Autobiography (1934); biographies by L. Dickson (1969), N. and J. MacKenzie (1973), and M. Sherborne (2010); studies by F. McConnell (1981), J. Huntington (1982), J. R. Hammond (1988), and D. Smith (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
And it is here, after being asked to adapt the HG Wells novel by Northern Stage director Elayce Ismail, that she decided to set War of the Worlds.
HG Wells predicted the sub-species in his book The Time Machine, made into a film (above) starring Rod Taylor
This is Professor Simon James, head of English studies at Durham University and an expert on HG Wells, a multi-talented writer who was brought sharply into focus in 2016 which was the 150th anniversary of his birth and the 70th anniversary of his death.
Inspiration for innovation in technology and design can come from lots of places; we wanted to celebrate HG Wells as an author who encouraged fantastical thinking about what it possible, on this planet and beyond," Google added.
The tour marks the 30th anniversary of Jeff Wayne's interpretation of the HG Wells science fiction story.
1866: Author HG Wells - The War Of The Worlds, The Time Machine etc - was born in Bromley, Kent.
John de Lancie said, "Traditionally, Alien Voices has focused on re-creating the classics-from HG Wells to Jules Verne to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle-so we are particularly excited about SPOCK VS.
VOLUNTEERS have experienced what it feels like to disappear in an experiment echoing the HG Wells story The Invisible Man.
J Sampson Wolverhampton A British actor Tim Turner was best known for providing the voice of the Invisible Man in the 1958-1960 TV series based on the famous novel by HG Wells.
The son of a gardener, HG Wells strayed far from his roots.