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Greece: see KhíosKhíos
or Chios
, island (1991 pop. 51,060), c.350 sq mi (910 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea, just W of Asia Minor. It is mountainous and is famous for its scenic beauty and good climate. The highest point is Mt. Elias (c.4,160 ft/1,270 m).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Khios), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor. Area, 830 sq km. Elevations on Chios range to 1,297 m. The island is composed primarily of limestones and shales. Chios has mediterranean shrub-type vegetation and groves of Aleppo pine. There are olive orchards, citrus fruit plantations, and vineyards. Goats are raised, and sardines and mackerel are caught. Antimony is mined at Melanios. The port of Chios is located on the island’s eastern coast.

Chios was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The island’s earliest inhabitants were Leleges and Carians. These tribes inhabited Chios until the early first millennium B.C., when they were driven out by the Ionians. In the eighth century B.C. the island became a polis, whose economy was based on trade and handicrafts. The city of Chios was the island’s capital. The island produced the best wine, mastic, marble, and figs in Greece. It was also the site of the earliest Greek slave market. Chios was a center of ancient literature and art; it is believed to be the birthplace of Homer.

In the second half of the first century A.D., Chios fell under Roman rule. Between the fourth and 13th centuries, the island was controlled by Byzantium. It was subsequently a Genoese possession. The Turks ruled Chios from 1566 until 1912, when the island became part of Greece.

In southern Chios, near the village of Pyrgi, is the sanctuary of Apollo Phanaios (established ninth century B.C.), which has a noteworthy temple (second half of the sixth century B.C.). Also of interest is the medieval fortress of the Byzantine monastery of Nea Moni (1042–56).



a city and port in Greece, on the island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Capital of the nome of Chios. Population, 24,100 (1971). Wine and fruits are exported.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. an island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey: belongs to Greece. Capital: Chios. Pop.: 51 936 (2001). Area: 904 sq. km (353 sq. miles)
2. a port on the island of Chios: in ancient times, one of the 12 Ionian city-states. Pop.: 54 000 (1995 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Savings of hospital costs are split 50-50 between the physician and the HIO, but no physician receives hospital savings unless there are savings for physicians as a group.
The Kitsap HIO is the only program reveiwed here in which specialists share in the savings or deficits.
(1985), Congressional Research Service (1988), and I use a stricter definition of HIO than the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) does.
Solutions Ct values Bacterial precipitation (%) Control (a) 21.9 [+ or -] 8.0 [+ or -] 8 0.17 Sodium alginate (SA) 21.2 [+ or -] 0 [+ or -] 9 0.1 HIO/SA (1/1) 22.6 [+ or -] 20 [+ or -] 7 0.2 HIO/SA (2/0.5) 22.8 [+ or -] 26 [+ or -] 8 0.26 HIO/SA (2/0.1) 24.0 [+ or -] 56 [+ or -] 6 0.29 HIO/SA (2/0.05) 25.1 [+ or -] 71 [+ or -] 4 0.35 Hydrated iron oxide 28.1 [+ or -] 92.5 [+ or -] 5 (HIO) 3.17 Control: Bacterial suspensions with saline.
Among these materials, the highest removal of bacterial population was observed with only HIO treatment, which can remove (92.5 [+ or -] 5)% of V.
The Influence of HIO on Morphologies of the Electrospun PEO/HIO/SA Composite Nanofihers
The electrospun PEO/HIO/SA composite nanofibers, which were prepared in the range of applied voltage of 9-14 kV, flow rate of 0.003 mL [m.sup.-1], and distance to stationary target of 12 cm, exhibit an average diameter of 159 [+ or -] 55 to 475 [+ or -] 55 nm, uniform, and smooth surface appearance in the range of 50% HIO (Fig.
The average diameters of 9% PEO/H10 composite nanofibers with HIO increase when HIO content increase from 307 [+ or -] 36 nm (9PEO-W) to 475 [+ or -] 55 nm (9PEO-4.5HI0-W), and also the surface smoothness of these increases with increasing the HIO content because RIO was well inserted into the fibers, and coated on the surface of fibers (Table 2).
The personnel in the HIO said they are continually amazed at the far-reaching effect of the products they create.
HIO personnel said they are ultimately concerned about positively affecting the health of military personnel in the field.
In addition to shipping products, the HIO also maintains a Health Information Weekly Update, sent electronically to more than 4,000 medical and health professionals around the globe.
The HIO staff members feel strongly about their profession and the services they provide.