Encephalopathy

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encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV encephalopathy criteria for classification[25]
The technique can now also be used to compare CC thickness with hemispheric brain volume in both normal children and those with cerebral atrophy, such as seen with hypoxic ischaemic injury and HIV encephalopathy. Observations can then be correlated with functional scores and used for predicting outcome and function.
Treatment with antiretroviral medications and early intervention programmes for children with neurological impairment can help mitigate the symptoms and improve the course of HIV encephalopathy [3].
Few studies have sought to determine the incidence of progressive HIV encephalopathy (PHE) since HAART was introduced in the late 1990s.
Collman concluded his presentation by describing how these pathways could contribute to HIV encephalopathy by causing continued inflammation, astrocytosis, activation of other macrophages, and recruitment of uninfected and infected cells into the brain (see Figure 3).
For example, AIDS-OIs that occur commonly among persons aged [is greater than or equal to] 50 years (e.g., HIV encephalopathy and wasting syndrome) mimic other diseases associated with aging (e.g., Alzheimer disease, depression, and malignancies).
Out of 129 patients 28 (21.7%) had Pyrogenic meningitis, 10 (7.75%) Encephalitis, 9 (6.9%) CNS Tuberculosis, 2 (1.5%) Brain Abscess, 17 (13%) Poisoning, 11 (8.5%) post DPT seizures, 10 (7.7%) Hyponatremia, 1 (0.78%) Hypernatremia, 4 (3.1%) Hypocalcaemia, 9 (6.9%) Acute Demyelinating Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), 3 (2.3%) Nephritis with hypertensive encephalopathy, 1 (0.78%) Hepatic encephalopathy, 1 (0.78%) Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with intracranial hemorrhage, 1 (0.78%) HIV Encephalopathy, 1 (0.78%) Sub-acute Scelerosing panencephalits (SSPE), 1 (0.78%) Stroke, 17 (13%) Encephalopathy/inborn error of metabolism.
AZT) disease Cognitive impairment due to Decreased adherence HIV encephalopathy, longstanding HIV infection Developmental stage Concrete thinking and Decreased adherence emotional immaturity Problem Solution Physiological Rapid growth and puberty Routine dose adjustment per weight and Tanner stage assessment Weight stunting and delayed Routine dose adjustment per puberty weight and Tanner stage assessment Orofacial motor abnormalities Select regimens with ART or lesions (e.g.
The most common primary HIV-related CNS complication in children is HIV encephalopathy.
HIV encephalopathy (HIVE) is the most frequent neurological manifestation due to a neurotrophic virus causing direct infection of the CNS.
HAND comprises HIV-associated dementia (HAD) (also called HIV encephalopathy), mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) and asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment.