human papillomavirus

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Related to HPV virus: HPV vaccine

human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 100 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, about a dozen strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and mouth and throat, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer.

Transmission of HPV strains is often the result of sexual contact, but it can also occur as the result of any skin-to-skin contact involving the mouth or genitals. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers. HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

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human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tests found the vaccine protects against the two main strains of the HPV virus which causes 70 per cent of all cervical cancer cases.
Amoako Duah expressed that if a patient stops taking his/her prescriptions, the HPV virus would multiply and continue to cause damage to the liver.
The results found a urine test was just as good at detecting the HPV virus as cervical smears or vaginal swabs.
She said: "Having been affected by cervical issues myself and being diagnosed with Grade CIN3 precancerous cells, HPV and recently endometriosis which is a life long disease connected to the HPV virus, I am passionate and determined to educate women and raise as much awareness as possible to women to understand why it is important go to their smear test invites and why it's imporant to understand any changes as it could save a life!
Of the 100 kinds of HPV virus present, 13 are cancerous.
Ninety-nine per cent of cervical cancers are caused by the HPV virus - one of the most common viral infections of the reproductive tract.
At the laboratory, samples are first tested for the presence of highrisk types of the HPV virus that causes most cases of cervical cancer.
The test focuses on naturally-occurring chemical markers on DNA that make up its 'epigenetic profile' rather than patterns in the genetic code that indicate the HPV virus.
Robert Music, chief executive of Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust, said: "Almost every incidence of cervical cancer (99.7%) is caused by the HPV virus, so the vaccine is one of the best tools we have for the prevention of the disease.
HUNDREDS of girls in Manchester were not fully vaccinated against the potentially cancer-causing HPV virus last year, new figures show.
These tests verify the presence of the HPV virus and the growth of abnormal cells.