albumin

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albumin

(ălbyo͞o`mən) [Lat.,=white of egg], member of a class of water-soluble, heat-coagulating proteinsprotein,
any of the group of highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.
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. Albumins are widely distributed in plant and animal tissues, e.g., ovalbumin of egg, myogen of muscle, serum albumin of blood, lactalbumin of milk, legumelin of peas, and leucosin of wheat. Separation of serum albumins from other blood proteins can be carried out by electrophoresis or by fractional precipitation with various salts. Albumins normally constitute about 55% of the plasma proteins. They adhere chemically to various substances in the blood, e.g., amino acids, and thus play a role in their transport. Albumins and other proteins of the blood aid significantly in regulating the distribution of water and maintenance of proper osmotic pressure in the body. Albumins are also used in textile printing, in the fixation of dyes, in sugar refining, and in other important processes.

Albumin

A type of globular protein that is characterized by its solubility in water and in 50% saturated aqueous ammonium sulfate. Albumins are present in mammalian tissues, bacteria, molds, and plants, and in some foods. Serum albumin, which contains 584 amino acid residues, is the most abundant protein in human serum, and it performs two very important physiological functions. It is responsible for about 80% of the total osmotic regulation in blood, and it transports fatty acids from adipose tissue to muscle. When excessive amounts of albumin are found in the urine upon clinical examination, some form of kidney disease is usually indicated. Another important albumin, ovalbumin, is found in egg white. This protein is about two-thirds the size of serum albumin, and it contains sugar residues in addition to amino acid residues (that is, it is a glycoprotein). See Protein

albumin

[‚al′byü·mən]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of plant and animal proteins which are soluble in water, dilute salt solutions, and 50% saturated ammonium sulfate.

albumin

, albumen
any of a group of simple water-soluble proteins that are coagulated by heat and are found in blood plasma, egg white, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A hefty $2,700-$5,450, or 100 percent of the annual policy premium, whichever is less, can be placed in an HSA account.
Health plans are attempting to streamline HSAs by providing debit cards tied directly to the account.
HSA has six different levels of cover starting from pounds 2.
Under the best circumstances, it's possible to save on health-care costs even if the HSA is funded to cover the entire deductible.
Premium savings occur when purchasing a higher deductible plan because you will pay more affordable premiums and can use your HSA dollars to offset the higher deductible and out-of-pocket costs.
Looking back over the life of HSAs, a married couple each contributing the single HSA limit would have yielded an extra $50 deposit in eight of the fifteen ears HSAs have existed (2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2017); married couples contributing the family limit would have gained an extra $50 in fie out of fifteen ears (2006, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2016); and the numbers were even in two years (2008 and 2018).
But a consumer must combine an HSA with a high-deductible health plan that meets both a rigid minimum deductible standard and a rigid out-of-pocket annual spending maximum standard.
Also included in the white paper are case histories, a sample communication plan as well as a checklist for selecting an HSA administrator.