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The HTGR agreement built on an accord signed in 2012 that involved maintenance and development of nuclear power plants and research reactors, as well as the provision of Chinese nuclear fuel.
These impurities will react with the carbon materials at high temperature, thus, weakening the material strength and decreasing the service life of HTGR [10-13].
Su, "Prediction of the dynamical thermal behavior of a htgr multilayered spherical fuel particle using lumped and distributed parameter models," in Proceedings of the INAC 2007 International Nuclear Atlantic Conference, Santos, Brazil, 2007.
Lee, "Effect on non-linear soil-structure interaction due to base slab uplift on the seismic response of a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR)," Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol.
The first shield is expected to be installed at the beginning of 2015 in Shidaowan Nuclear Power Station under construction in east China's Shandong Province, which will be the world's first HTGR nuclear power station when it begins operation in 2017.
About 20 years ago, a system was also developed to use an HTGR plant for the conversion of coal to gasoline.
This same analyst suggests that the need to incorporate the new HTGR explains why 093 development has stretched out over a number of years.
Two designs from the HTGR family of reactors, which use helium for heat transfer, are also in pre-certification--the pebble-bed modular reactor from Eskom and General Atomic's gas-turbine modular helium reactor, a design that has received attention as a source of high temperature heat required for the production of hydrogen Two other designs have not been submitted for pre-certification in the United States but are nevertheless receiving attention, the European pressurized water reactor and AECL's ACR-1000.
The very-high-temperature reactor (VHTR), as an advanced type of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), is one of the six Generation IV nuclear energy systems.
Grzegorz Wrochna, from Polands National Centre for Nuclear Research, discussed multilateral initiatives within Europe towards the development of HTGR. This includes the PRIME initiative, a Polish partnership with the US, Europe, South Korea and Japan for the development of process heat applications using HTGRs.
Tsuji, "A study of air ingress and its prevention in HTGR," Nuclear Technology, vol.
The agreement is for a feasibility study for the construction of high-temperature gas-cooled (HTGR) nuclear power plants in the kingdom as well as cooperation in intellectual property and the development of a domestic industrial supply chain for HTGRs built in Saudi Arabia.